Bula Nyati, Antoine Mandungu
- Jeremy Rich
was born in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo. He belonged to the Mbala ethnic community largely found in Bandundu province. After attending primary school, Bula joined the Force Publique, the Belgian colonial army, in 1952. By independence on 30 June 1960, he had reached the rank of sergeant, and, like so many other Congolese intellectuals of the 1950s, enrolled in night classes to improve his knowledge of business and political issues. In 1958 Bula became the editor of the nationalist newspaper Emancipation, writing under the pseudonym Tony Tony. He joined the small leftist party Parti du Peuple in 1959, but also acted as an observer at the important December 1959 meeting of Joseph Kasa-Vubu’s Alliance des Bakongo (ABAKO) party. Bula participated in the January and February 1960 Round Table negotiations in Brussels that prepared the way for the end of Belgian ...