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date: 28 September 2020

Manigat, Mirlandelocked

(1940– ), black legal scholar, political scientist, and politician,
  • David Michel


was born Mirlande Hyppolite on 3 November 1940 in Miragoane, Haiti. She completed high school and attended the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Teachers’ College), which granted her a diploma in social sciences. Later, Mirlande moved to France and earned a degree in history and a doctorate in political science at the Sorbonne.

In 1970 Manigat married Leslie F. Manigat, future president of Haiti, while living in France; this was her husband’s second marriage. She gave birth to a daughter, Beatrice, in 1971. After graduation from the Sorbonne, Mirlande taught in France (1970–1974), Trinidad and Tobago (1974–1978), and Venezuela (1978–1986). After the fall of the Duvalier regimes, she and her husband returned to Haiti in 1986.

In Haiti Mirlande became very politically active established a reputation as an expert in Haitian constitutional law and politics and is an important figure in higher education ...

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