- María de Lourdes Ghidoli
was born on 14 February 1819 in the city of Mendoza to Juan de la Cruz Torres, a slave, and María Dolores Suarez or Puebla, a free parda (a term that typically refers to multiracial individuals, similar to that of “mulatto”). It is necessary to indicate that his mother’s last name varies between different parish registries, and is listed alternatively as Suárez or Puebla. This variation arises from the fact that Suárez was the last name of her biological father and Puebla was the last name of her former slave owner (Lacoste, 2006). Even though his mother was a free parda, Gregorio’s legal status is recorded as “liberto,” meaning free, in his baptism records. This legal condition is due to the Ley de Libertad de Vientres, or the law of free wombs, enacted by the Constitutional Assembly of 1813 which declared that the children of slaves ...