Linares Alcántara, Francisco
- Nicolás Ocaranza
of the Republic of Venezuela, was born in Turmero in Aragua State on 13 April 1825. His father was General Francisco de Paula Alcántara, an Independence of Venezuela hero, and his mother was Trinidad Linares. Contrary to conventional naming customs in Hispanic American society, Linares Alcántara decided to use his mother’s maiden name first.
In 1823, a few years before his birth, Venezuela’s independence was consolidated and the country went through a markedly unstable political period. There were continuous uprisings and coup d’états boosted by caudillos against constituted governments, as well as bloody civil wars encouraged by political factionalism. Years later, during his youth, Linares Alcántara joined the Venezuelan Freemasonry and was part of Lodge Victory 38.
On September 1846, soon after starting his military career, Linares Alcántara partook in confrontations against Federalist general Ezequiel Zamora in an attempt to stop his rebellion. Between 1847 and 1870 ...