West Indians and Africans in New York City
- Milton Vickerman
Scholars of immigration classify New York City as a traditional immigrant gateway because of its continuing importance as an entrepôt for the foreign-born. As a result of this history, the city’s population displays notable racial and ethnic diversity. This diversity also characterizes the city’s black population, which consists of African Americans, West Indians, and, increasingly, sub-Saharan and East Africans. This essay discusses the migration of foreign-born blacks into New York City from the early twentieth century to the present and their role in helping reshape what it means to be black.