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date: 01 October 2020

Robinson, Bernice locked

(7 Feb. 1914–3 Sept. 1994), educator, civil rights activist, and beautician,
  • Janice Hamlet


was born Bernice Violanthe Robinson in Charleston, South Carolina, the ninth and youngest child of James C. Robinson, a bricklayer, and Martha (Anderson) Robinson, a homemaker. She attended Simonton Elementary and Burke Industrial High School in Charleston, and at age fifteen moved to New York City where she found work in the garment industry.

She returned home to Charleston in the early 1930s, where she soon married and had one daughter, Jacquelyn. Her husband left to find work one day but never returned home. She then returned to New York City with the intention of finding employment as a musician and earning enough money to formally study music. However, in 1947 she postponed her educational pursuits to return home to care for her ailing parents Although Robinson had gone to New York City with the intention of becoming a musician her time in New York City had heightened her ...

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