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date: 26 October 2020


(c. 1772–1802),
  • E. Anthony Hurley


commonly referred to in the history of the island of Guadeloupe as la mulâtresse Solitude, or “Solitude the Mulatto Woman,” has become one of the legendary figures in the antislavery liberation struggles of blacks in the Caribbean in the early nineteenth century. Solitude was a member of a group of women who supported the resistance movement under Louis Delgrès in an armed conflict to reclaim their freedom. Her legend was born from the extreme courage she displayed, which has led her to be caricatured by whites as mad. The Guadeloupean Solitude should not to be confused with Solitude of Martinique, a 61-year-old field slave owned by Pierre Lagodière of Lamentin, Martinique, who in 1847 paid five hundred francs for her freedom.

Solitude s existence as a real life person has been authenticated in authoritative historical accounts of the events that transpired in the period immediately following the French Revolution ...

A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.

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