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date: 06 August 2020

Garvey, Marcus Mosiah locked

(1887–1940), black nationalist and pan-Africanist,
  • D. A. Dunkley

Extract

was born Malcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. on 17 August 1887 in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, the second surviving child and only son of Sarah Jane Garvey (née Richards), a domestic worker, and Malcus Mosiah Garvey, a stonemason. An older sister Indiana Garvey was born in 1882; nine other children born to Sarah Garvey did not reach adulthood. Referred to mainly as Mosiah and Mose as a child, he subsequently changed his first name from Malcus to Marcus, probably after moving to the Jamaican capital of Kingston in 1904 when he was 17 an indication of his independent spirit and the self determination that was central to his leadership of the black liberation struggle Garvey s parents raised their son as a Christian and he became someone who believed in the equality of all people They ensured that he was able to attend school where Garvey received schooling that ...

A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.

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