du Sable, Jean Baptiste Point
- Georges E. Fouron
freedman who became a pioneer and fur trader and who is now hailed as the founder of the city of Chicago, was probably born in 1745 in the town of St. Marc in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (today, Haiti). Du Sable (sometimes rendered as du Sable or DuSable) was the son of a black captive from the Congo named Suzanne, and a French mariner and swashbuckler from Marseille, making him a mulatto in Haitian racial nomenclature. It is believed his father’s name was originally Point Dessaible and he later changed it to Du Sable. As was the practice during that period, to elevate their social status in the French colony, many French expatriates would place a “de” or “du” before their name to connote their high-class lineage.
Another much contested version by the historian Milo Milton Quaife claims that his father s name was Pierre He was born in ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.