- Todd Steven Burroughs
A weekly newspaper covering Pittsburgh's African American community, from roughly the 1930s through the 1960s the Courier became a de facto national black newspaper, with a national edition and editions serving more than ten cities or states across the continent—including Detroit, New York City, and Florida—and a reputation for launching militant crusades advocating equal rights for African Americans.
The newspaper's greatest period of growth was under the publisher Robert Vann (1879–1940). The Courier did what black newspapers—and later black radio—did for northern black communities in the first half of the twentieth century: slowly turn a group of displaced segregated southerners into a unified, albeit segregated, northern enclave. Black newspapers like the Courier provided important political social and economic points of reference in a purposely divided America It began to champion racial equality in employment It consistently fought against the racist violence the voting disfranchisement and the separate ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present.