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date: 03 April 2020

GrimkÉ, Francis James locked

(b. 4 November 1850; d. 11 October 1937),
  • Charles Orson Cook


civil rights advocate and longtime pastor of the Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church in Washington, D.C. Francis James Grimké was born near Charleston, South Carolina, on 4 November 1850. He and his brothers, Archibald and John, were the children of a slave mother, Nancy Weston, and a wealthy white planter father, Henry Grimké. Their white aunts, Angelina and Sarah Grimké, were famous abolitionists who had left Charleston several years before to campaign against slavery and in favor of women's rights. When Francis's father died in 1852, the boy was placed under the care of his white half-brother, who eventually sold Francis to a Confederate officer. At the end of the Civil War he and his brother Archibald went north to enter Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. The other brother, John, settled in Florida, where he remained in obscurity for the rest of his life.

Quite by chance Angelina ...

A version of this article originally appeared in The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present.

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