Monuments, Museums, And Public Markers.
- James W. Loewen
During the “Fusion” years after the end of Reconstruction (1877–1890) the U.S. Army offered opportunity to many African Americans. Wherever it campaigned in the West, mainly in mopping-up operations against American Indians, black cavalrymen known as buffalo soldiers participated. Many frontier posts had a short life span and were built of temporary materials; nevertheless, the saga of the buffalo soldiers is told at many sites today. Historical museums at Fort Huachuca, Arizona; Forts Hays, Larned, and Leavenworth, Kansas; Fort Robinson, Nebraska; Fort Seldon, New Mexico; Fort Sill, Oklahoma; Fort Meade, South Dakota; Forts Concho, Davis, and Richardson, Texas; Fort Douglas, Utah; and Warren Air Force Base (formerly Fort D. A. Russell), Wyoming contain exhibits on black military history in the West that celebrate black troops.
A small monument at Beecher Island Battlefield in Colorado tells of the rescue by the 10th Cavalry of fifty desperate troops in ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present.