National Conventions of Colored Men
- Jeffrey A. Mullins
In the decades before the Civil War, African American intellectual and social leaders held a variety of state and national conventions to address the many challenges facing blacks in the United States. The national conventions met annually from 1830 to 1835 and then intermittently from 1843 until 1864. Likewise, in the years following 1840 a number of states including Connecticut New York Ohio and Pennsylvania held conventions of colored citizens or colored persons the terms used most often by participants Faced with a nation that was generally neither sympathetic to their troubles nor eager for the presence of a free black population within its borders black leaders hoped that by gathering to share ideas and devise large scale strategies they could promote the status of African Americans individually and collectively In addition to revealing black initiative in creatively responding to white oppression the state and national conventions illuminated ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895.