Garrison, William Lloyd
- Sean Patrick Adams
- and Diane L. Barnes
William Lloyd Garrison was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, to a family of modest means. After an apprenticeship with a local printer, he set out to found his own newspaper and became one of the nation's most vocal moral reformers. Garrison tried his hand at editing newspapers in Massachusetts and Vermont, but his radical critique of electoral politics and his air of moral superiority were unpopular with readers. After a series of failed ventures, in 1829 he accepted an offer to work on a Baltimore-based antislavery newspaper, theGenius of Universal Emancipation, edited by Benjamin Lundy. In 1830 Garrison drew national notoriety when he was convicted of libel for an editorial denouncing a wealthy merchant s participation in the slave trade He refused on principle to pay the fine and was jailed for forty nine days Garrison used the time to propagate the idea that he had ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895.