Slave Rebellions in the United States
- Herbert Aptheker
The standard work on Slavery in the United States, until the late 1930s, was American historian U. B. Phillips's American Negro Slavery (1918 Phillips tells his readers that African American slaves were impulsive and inconstant sociable and amorous voluble dilatory and negligent but robust amiable obedient and contented they have been the world s premium slaves Contrary to this racist mythology the African American people sought to escape their bondage in myriad ways during the centuries of their enslavement These ways included ever recurring flight purchasing freedom where allowed self inflicted wounds suicide infanticide especially of female children using arson and poison against their owners and assassinating owners and especially overseers The highest forms of resistance were conspiracy to rebel and actual rebellion Akin to rebelling was the phenomenon of maroon communities groups of fugitive slaves who survived on the outskirts of plantation communities and whose ...
A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.