New Orleans, Louisiana
- Eric Bennett
- and Keith Raether
New Orleans spent nearly a century under European rule before the United States purchased it. Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, the governor of the French colony of Louisiana, founded the city in 1718. In 1767 it was ceded to Spain. France reclaimed sovereignty in 1800, and three years later Napoleon I sold all of the Louisiana Territory, including New Orleans, to the United States.
A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.