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date: 09 April 2020

New Orleans, Louisianalocked

Most European and African of North American cities, in which French, Spanish, Creole, African, and English cultures have blended to produce distinctive music, cuisine, and festivals.
  • Eric Bennett
  •  and Keith Raether


New Orleans spent nearly a century under European rule before the United States purchased it. Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, the governor of the French colony of Louisiana, founded the city in 1718. In 1767 it was ceded to Spain. France reclaimed sovereignty in 1800, and three years later Napoleon I sold all of the Louisiana Territory, including New Orleans, to the United States.

A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.

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