Gay and Lesbian Movements in the United States
- Keith Boykin
African Americans have been part of the modern gay and lesbian movement in the United States throughout its evolution. From the early days of the Harlem Renaissance, which included many homosexual and bisexual artists and writers, to the contemporary controversies over gay rights in the military, in marriage, and in society at large, gay and lesbian blacks have battled both racial and sexual discrimination while struggling to define an identity that is both black and homosexual.
A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.