- Pedro Pérez-Sarduy
- and Jean Stubbs
Many people associate Cuba with the resorts and casinos that made it a favorite stopping place for American tourists in the 1940s and 1950s, and with the singular figure of Fidel Castro, who led the country's Marxist revolution in 1959 and contributed to Cold War tensions with the United States in the 1960s. Less is known about Afro-Cuban participation and leadership in the struggle for independence from Spain in the nineteenth century or Afro-Cuban activism in the twentieth century.
A version of this article originally appeared in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.