Dirty Dozen Brass Band
- Scott Yanow
was founded in 1977 in New Orleans, Louisiana. At the time, virtually every brass band in New Orleans was playing a similar repertoire to the ones that had been around since the 1940s, including jazzed-up versions of traditional hymns and spirituals, marches, Dixieland favorites, and New Orleans songs from the 1920s and earlier. The Dirty Dozen Brass Band represented a major shift, due to their innovative incorporation of an expanded and diverse repertoire.
Veteran banjoist and guitarist Danny Barker began the Fairview Baptist Church Marching Band in 1972 as a way of providing young people in New Orleans with an opportunity to learn music. The band was popular for a few years and one of its alumni, trumpeter Leroy Jones, maintained the group the Hurricane Brass Band. However, by 1976, the group's time had passed and it disbanded.
A few of its members continued rehearsing together and in 1977 ...
A version of this article originally appeared in African American National Biography.