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date: 20 February 2020

Farmer, Art locked

(21 Aug. 1928 – 4 Oct. 1999),
  • Scott Yanow


jazz flugelhornist and trumpeter, was born in Council Bluffs, Iowa. His twin brother Addison Farmer (who died on 20 Feb. 1963) became a professional jazz bassist. Farmer's parents divorced when he was four, and he and his brother were raised in Phoenix. Farmer started playing piano when he was six and, after brief periods on violin and tuba, settled on the trumpet when he was fourteen.

Two years later Art and Addison Farmer visited Los Angeles during a summer break, were impressed by the jazz scene on Central Avenue, and asked their mother for permission to stay. Although she remained in Phoenix, she gave them permission as long as they attended and finished high school. During the next five years, Art Farmer played regularly on Central Avenue, becoming part of the late-night jam sessions and working with Horace Henderson, Floyd Ray, Johnny Otis, Benny Carter ...

A version of this article originally appeared in African American National Biography.

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