Confession of Solomon Prosser (1800)
The doomed 1800 revolt organized by the charismatic slave leader Gabriel (1776–1800) resulted in the swift execution of twenty-six rebels. Gabriel’s brother Solomon was among the convicted slaves, and his confession below provides some of the details of the plan. Thanks to these details, the impact of the insurrection lasted for generations. Alarmed by the prospect of mass chaos from the large black population, the State of Virginia took increasingly totalitarian measures to preclude another rebellion, including banning the education of slaves and restricting their ability to travel.