African American Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers
African American science fiction and fantasy writers have been steadily building their presence in these two popular genres of fiction over the past several decades. Many of the earliest examples of African American science fiction, such as W.E.B. Du Bois's "The Comet" (1920), dealt overtly with themes of prejudice and racism, but over the last few decades, African American speculative fiction writers have taken a variety of approaches to the work of imagining future worlds, new technologies, and alternate realities. As a result, it is difficult to define any single point of commonality among today's African American science fiction and fantasy writers. While their narratives might involve time travel or galaxy hopping, these authors share the concerns of most other fiction writers, namely interesting characters, nuanced relationships, and compelling stories.
The editors of AASC have put together the present photo essay in order to highlight a selection of African American science fiction and fantasy writers from the past 100 years. The authors bring an incredible diversity of influence and interest to their writing, and their work represents a major contribution to the American cultural landscape. What is perhaps most exciting, however, is the fact that a number of the writers presented here seem to be in the early stages of their careers. Following their recent successes, many of these authors are poised to leave an important legacy in science fiction, fantasy, and literature more broadly.
The following entries have been selected to help guide readers who want to understand more about African Americans and speculative fiction. (Access to the following articles is available only to subscribers.)
- Black No More
- Children's Literature, African American
- Literary History (can't find link)
- Literature and Criticism
- Barnes, Steven
- Butler, Octavia E.
- Delany, Samuel R.
- Du Bois, W.E.B.
- Gomez, Jewelle
- Hamilton, Virginia Esther
- Mosley, Walter
- Reed, Ishmael
- Schuyler, George Samuel
- Whitehead, Colson
Primary Source Documents
- Black No More, by George S. Schuyler
- "The Comet", by W.E.B. Du Bois (1920)
- "Criteria of Negro Art", by W.E.B. Du Bois (1926)
- "The Negro-Art Hokum", by George S. Schuyler (1926)
- "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain", by Langston Hughes (1926)
- "New Orleans Superstitions", by Lafcadio Hearn (1886)