Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience


Civil Rights

Countries and Regions

Criminal Justice

Ecology and Geography

Education and Intellectual Life

Ethnic Groups

Film, Radio and Television


Literature: Africa

Literature: Latin America and the Caribbean

Literature: North America

Medicine and Science



Performing Arts

Political and Social Movements

Politics and Government: Africa

Politics and Government: Latin America and the Caribbean 

Politics and Government: North America

Press and Periodicals

Race and Race Relations


Slavery and the Slave Community

Social Conditions

Society and Culture




Barnett, Alan W. Community Murals: The People's Art (1984).

Bearden, Romare, and Harry Henderson. A History of African-American Artists from 1792 to the Present (1993).

Benberry, Cuesta. Always There: The African-American Presence in American Quilts (1992).

Biebuyck, Daniel P., Susan Kelliher, and Linda McRae. African Ethnonyms: Index to Art-Producing Peoples of Africa (1996).

Blier, Suzanne Preston. African Vodun: Art, Psychology, and Power (1995).

Blier, Suzanne Preston. The Royal Arts of Africa: The Majesty of Form (1998).

Bush, Martin. The Photographs of Gordon Parks (1983).

Castleman, Craig. Getting Up: Subway Graffiti in New York (1984).

Courtney-Clarke, Margaret. Ndebele: The Art of an African Tribe (1986).

Donovan, Nancy, and Jill Last. Ethiopian Costumes (1980).

Drake, Sandra E. Wilson Harris and the Modern Tradition: A New Architecture of the World (1986).

Driskell, David. Hidden Heritage: Afro-American Art, 1800.1950 (1985).

Ellison, Ralph. Romare Bearden: Paintings and Projections (1968).

Ellison, Ralph. Shadow and Act (1964).

Ferris, William, ed. Afro-American Folk Arts and Crafts (1983).

Ferris, William, and Brenda McCallum, eds. Local Color: A Sense of Place in Folk Art (1982).

Flomenhaft, Eleanor, ed. Faith Ringgold: A 25-Year Survey (1990).

Fry, Gladys-Marie. Stitched from the Soul: Slave Quilts from the Ante-Bellum South (1990).

Goings, Kenneth W. Mammy and Uncle Mose: Black Collectibles and American Stereotyping (1994).

Grudin, Eva Ungar. Stitching Memories: African-American Story Quilts (1990).

Hackett, Rosalind. Art and Religion in Africa (1996).

Harrington, Oliver. Why I Left America and Other Essays (1993).

Heldman, Marilyn E., Stuart Munro-Hay, and Roderick Grierson. African Zion: The Sacred Art of Ethiopia (1993).

Henderson, Harry, and Gylbert Garvin Coker. Charles Alston: Artist and Teacher (1990).

Kirsh, Andrea, and Susan Fisher Sterling. Carrie Mae Weems (1992).

Lewis, Samella. African-American Art and Artists (1990).

Lewis, Samella. The Art of Elizabeth Catlett (1984).

Lewis, Samella, and Richard Powell. Elizabeth Catlett: Works on Paper, 1944.1992 (1993).

Livingston, Jane, John Beardsley, and Reginia Perry. Black Folk Art in America, 1930.1980 (1982).

Marshall, Richard, et. al. Jean-Michel Basquiat (1992).

Matthews, Marcia M. Henry Ossawa Tanner, American Artist (1969).

McDonnell, Patrick, Karen O'Connell, and Georgia Riley de Havenon. Krazy Kat: The Comic Art of George Herriman (1986).

Moore, Robin. Nationalizing Blackness: Afrocubanismo and Artistic Revolution in Havana, 1920.40 (1997).

Mosby, Dewey E., Darrell Sewell, and Rae Alexander-Minter. Henry Ossawa Tanner (1991).

Mosquera, Gerardo, ed. Beyond the Fantastic: Contemporary Art Criticism from Latin America (1996).

Mountoussamy-Ashe, Jeanne. View-finders: Black Women Photographers (1986).

Perry, Regina A. Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art (1992).

Picton, John, and John Mack. African Textiles (1989).

Polakoff, Claire. Into Indigo: African Textiles and Dyeing Techniques (1980).

Porter, James Amos. Modern Negro Art (1943).

Poupeye, Veerle. Modern Jamaican Art (1998).

Powell, Ivor. Ndebele: A People and Their Art (1995).

Powell, Richard J. Black Art and Culture in the Twentieth Century (1997).

Powell, Richard J. Homecoming: The Art and Life of William H. Johnson (1991).

Reswick, Irmtraud. Traditional Textiles of Tunisia and Related North African Weavings (1985).

Ringgold, Faith. We Flew Over the Bridge: The Memoirs of Faith Ringgold (1995).

Ritchie, Carson. Rock Art of Africa (1979).

Robinson, Jontyle Theresa, and Wendy Greenhouse. The Art of Archibald J. Motley, Jr. (1991).

Rodman, Selden. Renaissance in Haiti: Popular Painters in the Black Republic (1948).

Schwartzman, Myron. Romare Bearden: His Life and Art (1990).

Sill, Robert. David Hammons in the Hood (1994).

Smith, Roberta. A Forgotten Black Painter Is Saved from Obscurity. New York Times (June 12, 1992): C18 Stein, Judith E., et al. I Tell My Heart: The Art of Horace Pippin (1993).

Super, George Lee, Michael Garden, and Nancy Marshall, eds. P. H. Polk: Photographs (1980).

Thompson, Robert Ferris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy (1983).

Thompson, Robert Ferris. Jean-Michel Basquiat (1985).

Vansina, Jan. Art History in Africa: An Introduction to Method (1984).

Vlach, John Michael. The Afro-American Tradition in the Decorative Arts (1978).

Wahlman, Maude Southwell. Contemporary African Arts (1974).

Wahlman, Maude Southwell. Signs and Symbols: African Images in African-American Quilts (1993).

Wheat, Ellen Harkins. Jacob Lawrence, American Painter (1986).

Willis-Thomas, Deborah. Black Photographers, 1840.1940: An Illustrated Bio-Bibliography (1985).

Willis-Thomas, Deborah. An Illustrated Bio-Bibliography of Black Photographers, 1940.1988 (1989).

Wood, Peter H., and Karen C. C. Dalton. Winslow Homer's Images of Blacks: The Civil War and Reconstruction Years (1988).

Civil Rights

Anderson, Jervis. A. Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait (1973).

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954.63 (1988).

Broderick, Francis L., August Meier, and Elliott M. Rudwick. Black Protest Thought in the Twentieth Century. 2d ed. (1971).

Cagin, Seth, and Philip Dray. We Are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi (1988).

Carson, Clayborne. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (1981).

Clark, Septima. Echo in My Soul (1962).

Clark, Septima, with Cynthia Stokes Brown. Ready from Within: Septima Clark and the Civil Rights Movement (1986).

Evers, Charles, and Grace Haskell, eds. Evers (1971).

Farmer, James. Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement (1985).

Garrow, David J. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1986).

Garrow, David J. Protest at Selma: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1978).

Grant, Joanne. Fundi: The Story of Ella Baker (1981).

Greenberg, Jack. Crusaders in the Courts: How a Dedicated Band of Lawyers Fought for the Civil Rights Revolution (1994).

Gregory, Dick, with Mark Lane. Up From Nigger (1976).

Gregory, Dick, with Martin Lipsyte. Nigger: An Autobiography (1964).

Hedgeman, Anna Arnold. The Trumpet Sounds: A Memoir of Negro Leadership (1964).

Hill, Robert A., ed. The Crusader. 3 vols. (1987).

Hill, Robert A. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers (1983.1991).

Horne, Gerald. Communist Front? The Civil Rights Congress 1946.56 (1988).

Huckaby, Elizabeth. Crisis at Central High School: Little Rock, 1957.58 (1980).

Keppel, Ben. The Work of Democracy: Ralph Bunche, Kenneth B. Clark, Lorraine Hansberry, and the Cultural Politics of Race (1995).

King, Coretta Scott. My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr. (1969).

Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality (1975).

Lambert, Bruce. Doxey Wilkerson Is Dead at 88: Educator and Advocate for Rights. New York Times (June 18, 1993): D16.

Markmann, Charles Lam. The Noblest Cry: A History of the American Civil Liberties Union (1965).

McAdam, Doug. Freedom Summer (1988).

McNeil, Genna Rae. Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights (1983).

Moore, Jesse Thomas. A Search for Equality: The National Urban League, 1910.1961 (1981).

New Voice of the NAACP. Interview in Newsweek 46 (November 22, 1976).

Patterson, William. The Man Who Cried Genocide: An Autobiography (1971).

Perry, Bruce. Malcolm: The Life of a Man Who Changed Black America (1991).

Powledge, Fred. Free at Last? The Civil Rights Movement and the People Who Made It (1991).

Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson. The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Robinson (1987).

Rogers, Kim Lacy. Righteous Lives: Narratives of the New Orleans Civil Rights Movement (1993).

Sack, Kevin. A Dynamic Farewell from a Longtime Rights Leader. New York Times (July 29, 1997).

Spofford, Tim. Lynch Street: The May 1970 Slayings at Jackson State College (1988).

Watson, Denton L. Lion in the Lobby: Clarence Mitchell, Jr.'s Struggle for the Passage of Civil Rights Laws (1990).

Weiss, Nancy J. Whitney M. Young, Jr., and the Struggle for Civil Rights (1989).

Whitman, Mark, ed. Removing a Badge of Slavery: The Record of Brown v. Board of Education (1993).

Wilkins, Roy. Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins (1982).

Young, Andrew. An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America (1996).

Young, Andrew. A Way Out of No Way: The Spiritual Memoirs of Andrew Young (1994).

Zinn, Howard. SNCC: The New Abolitionists (1965).

Countries and Regions

Adenaike, Carolyn Keyes, and Jan Vansina, eds. In Pursuit of History: Fieldwork in Africa (1996).

Alie, Joe A. D. A New History of Sierra Leone (1990).

Azevedo, Mario. Historical Dictionary of Mozambique (1991).

Bechkey, Allen. Adventuring in East Africa (1990).

Beckles, Hilary. A History of Barbados: Amerindian Settlement to Nation-State (1990).

Bolland, O. Nigel. A History of Belize: Nation in the Making (1997).

Bovill, E. W. The Niger Implored (1968).

Boxer, C. R. The Dutch in Brazil, 1624.1654 (1957).

Boxer, C. R. The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415.1825 (1969).

Brown, Mervyn. A History of Madagascar (1995).

Brown, Mervyn. Madagascar Rediscovered: A History from Early Times to Independence (1978).

Burckhardt, Titus. Fez, City of Islam (1992).

Finlayson, Iain. Tangier: City of the Dream (1992).

Gide, Andr. Travels in the Congo (1962).

Hall, Richard. Stanley: An Adventurer Explored (1974).

Jenkins, Mark. To Timbuktu (1997).

Kincaid, Jamaica. A Small Place (1988).

Marcus, Harold G. A History of Ethiopia (1994).

Martin, Esmond Bradley. Zanzibar: Tradition and Revolution (1978).

Middleton, John, ed. Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara. 4 vols. (1997).

Mintz, Sidney, and Sally Price, eds. Caribbean Contours (1985).

Moorehead, Alan. The White Nile (1971).

Ofcansky, Thomas, and Rodger Yeager. Historical Dictionary of Tanzania (1997).

Ogot, Bethwell A. Africa and the Caribbean (1997).

Ossman, Susan. Picturing Casablanca: Portraits of Power in a Modern City (1994).

Park, Thomas K. Historical Dictionary of Morocco (1996).

Perkins, Kenneth J. Historical Dictionary of Tunisia (1997).

Reader, John. Africa: A Biography of the Continent (1998).

Roberts, Andrew. A History of Zambia (1976).

Tingay, Paul, and Doug Scott. Handy Guide: Victoria Falls (1996).

Vansina, Jan. Kingdoms of the Savanna (1966).

Wiener, Leo. Africa and the Discovery of America.Vol. I (1920).

Criminal Justice

Abu-Jamal, Mumia. Live from Death Row (1996).

Bell, Malcolm. The Turkey Shoot: Tracking the Attica Cover-Up (1985).

Bland, Randall W. Private Pressure on Public Law. The Legal Career of Justice Thurgood Marshall (1973),

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Under Sentence of Death: Lynching in the South (1997).

Freedberg, Sydney P. Brother Love: Money, Murder, and a Messiah (1994).

Kennedy, Randall. Race, Crime, and the Law (1997).

Miles, Alexander. Devil's Island: Colony of the Damned (1988).

Newfield, Jack. Only in America: The Life and Crimes of Don King (1995).

Raper, Arthur F. The Tragedy of Lynching (1933).

Sherman, Richard B. The Case of Odell Waller and Virginia Justice, 1940.1942 (1992).

Toobin, Jeffrey. The Run of His Life: The People v. O. J. Simpson (1996).

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. On Lynchings: Southern Horrors; A Red Record; Mob Rule in New Orleans (1969).

White, Walter F. A Man Called White: The Autobiography of Walter White (1948; reprint ed., 1995).

White, Walter F. Rope and Faggot: A Biography of Judge Lynch (1929).

Wicker, Tom. A Time to Die (1975).

Zangrando, Robert. The NAACP Crusade Against Lynching, 1909.1950 (1980).

Ecology and Geography

Adams, W. M., A. S. Goudie, and A. R. Orme. The Physical Geography of Africa (1996).

Bash, Barbara. Tree of Life: The World of the African Baobab (1994).

Card, Timothy M. Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains: Group Living in an Asocial Species (1994).

Cunningham, Carol, and Joel Berger. Horn of Darkness: Rhinos on the Edge (1997).

Grenard, Steve. Handbook of Alligators and Crocodiles (1991).

Johns, Chris. Valley of Life: Africa's Great Rift (1991).

Kwamenah-Poh, M., J. Tosh, R. Waller, and M. Tidy. African History in Maps (1982).

Main, Michael. Kalahari: Life's Variety in Dune and Delta (1987).

Stuart, Chris, and Tilde Stuart. Africa's Vanishing Wildlife (1996).

Stuart, Chris, and Tilde Stuart. Chris and Tilde Stuart's Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa (1994).

Thomas, David S. G. The Kalahari Environment (1991).

Education and Intellectual Life

Adams, Barbara Eleanor. John Henrik Clarke: The Early Years (1992).

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. In My Father's House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture (1992).

Bowman, J. Wilson. America's Black Colleges: The Comprehensive Guide to Historically and Predominantly Black 4-Year Colleges and Universities (1992).

Butler, Addie Louise Joyner. The Distinctive Black College: Talladega, Tuskegee and Morehouse (1977).

Collins, L. M. One Hundred Years of Fisk University Presidents (1989).

Coppin, Fanny Jackson. Reminiscences of School Life, and Hints on Teaching (1913).

Du Bois, Shirley Graham. His Day Is Marching On: A Memoir of W. E. B. Du Bois. (1971).

Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches (1903).

Glen, John M. Highlander: No Ordinary School, 1932.1962 (1988).

Goggin, Jacqueline Anne. Carter G. Woodson: A Life in Black History (1993).

Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. Selling Black History for Carter G. Woodson (1996).

Guy-Sheftall, Beverly, and Jo Moore Stewart. Spelman: A Centennial Celebration (1981).

Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856.1901 (1972).

Harper, Michael S., et al., eds. Chant of Saints: A Gathering of Afro-American Literature, Art, and Scholarship (1979).

hooks, bell, and Cornel West. Breaking Bread: Insurgent Black Intellectual Life (1991).

House, Ernest R. Jesse Jackson and the Politics of Charisma: The Rise and Fall of the PUSH/Excel Program (1988).

Johnson, Diane. Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African-American Literature for Youth (1990).

Lewis, David Levering. W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race (1993).

Lewis, David Levering. When Harlem Was in Vogue (1981).

Locke, Alain, ed. The New Negro (1925).

Logan, Rayford. Howard University: The First Hundred Years, 1867.1967 (1969).

Mangione, Jerre. The Dream and the Deal: The Federal Writers' Project, 1935.1945 (1972).

Manley, Albert E. A Legacy Continues: The Manley Years at Spelman College, 1953.1976 (1995).

Meier, August. Negro Thought in America, 1880.1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington (1963).

Meier, August, and Elliott Rudwick. Black History and the Historical Profession (1986).

Metcalf, George R. Black Profiles (1968).

Moss, Alfred A., Jr. The American Negro Academy: Voice of the Talented Tenth (1981).

Rampersad, Arnold. The Art and Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois (1990).

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. 2 vols. (1986.1988).

Read, Florence. The Story of Spelman College (1961).

Rich, Wilbur C. Black Mayors and School Politics: The Failure of Reform in Detroit, Gary, and Newark (1996).

Romaine, Suzanne. Bilingualism (1989).

Sagini, Mashak M. The African and the African-American University: A Historical and Sociological Analysis (1996).

Sinnette, Elinor Des Verney. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg, Black Bibliophile and Collector: A Biography (1989).

Sinnette, Elinor Des Verney, W. Paul Coates, and Thomas C. Battle, eds. Black Bibliophiles and Collectors: Preservers of Black History (1990).

Smith, Jessie Carney. Black Academic Libraries and Research Collections: An Historical Survey (1977).

Smith, Jessie Carney, ed. Notable Black American Women. 2 vols. (1992.1996).

Summerville, James. Educating Black Doctors: A History of Meharry Medical College (1983).

Tushnet, Mark V. The NAACP's Strategy Against Segregated Education, 1925.1950 (1987).

Urban, W. J. Black Scholar: Horace Mann Bond 1904.1972 (1992).

Wesley, Charles H. Charles H. Wesley: The Intellectual Tradition of a Black Historian. Edited by James L. Conyers, Jr. (1997).

Whiting, Albert N. Guardians of the Flame: Historically Black Colleges Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (1991).

Ethnic Groups

Abrahams, R. G. The Nyamwezi Today: A Tanzanian People in the 1970s (1981).

Beach, David. The Shona and Their Neighbours (1994).

Holm, John. Pidgins and Creoles. 2 vols. (1988.1989).

Kaplan, Steven. The Beta Israel (Falasha) in Ethiopia: From Earliest Times to the Twentieth Century (1992).

Kenyatta, Jomo. Facing Mount Kenya: The Tribal Life of the Gikuyu (1938).

Minority Rights Group, ed. No Longer Invisible: Afro-Latin Americans Today (1995).

Olson, James Stuart. The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary (1996).

Stephens, Thomas M. Dictionary of Latin American Racial and Ethnic Terminology (1989).

Turnbull, Colin M. The Forest People (1961).

Vansina, Jan. The Children of Woot: A History of the Kuba Peoples (1978).

Film, Radio and Television

Bly, Nellie. Oprah! Up Close and Down Home (1993).

Bogle, Donald. Blacks in American Films and Television: An Illustrated Encyclopedia (1988).

Bogle, Donald. Dorothy Dandridge: A Biography (1997).

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. 3d ed. (1994).

Brode, Douglas. Denzel Washington: His Films and Career (1996).

Chanan, Michael. The Cuban Image: Cinema and the Cultural Politics in Cuba (1985).

Cripps, Thomas. Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War II to the Civil Rights Era (1993).

Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film 1900.1942 (1977).

Dash, Julie. Daughters of the Dust: The Making of an African-American Woman's Film (1992).

Diawara, Manthia. African Cinema: Politics and Culture (1992).

Diawara, Manthia., ed. Black American Cinema (1993).

Ely, Melvin Patrick. The Adventures of Amos .n. Andy: A Social History of an American Phenomenon (1991).

Guerrero, Edward. Framing Blackness: The African-American Image in Film (1993).

Jackson, Carlton. Hattie: The Life of Hattie McDaniel (1990).

Johnson, Randal. Cinema Novo x 5: Masters of Contemporary Brazilian Film (1984).

Klotman, Phyllis Rauch, ed. Screenplays of the African-American Experience (1991).

MacDonald, J. Fred. Blacks and White TV: African-Americans in Television Since 1948. Rev. ed. (1992).

Mair, George. Oprah Winfrey: The Real Story (1994).

Martin, Michael T., ed. Cinemas of the Black Diaspora: Diversity, Dependence, and Oppositionality (1995).

Noble, Peter. The Negro in Films (1948).

Poitier, Sidney. This Life (1980).

Price, Joe X. Redd Foxx, B.S. (Before Sanford) (1979).

Stam, Robert. Tropical Multiculturalism: A Comparative History of Race in Brazilian Cinema and Culture (1997).

Stam, Robert, and Randal Johnson. Brazilian Cinema. Rev. and exp. ed. (1995).

Xavier, Ismail. Allegories of Under-development: Aesthetics and Politics in Modern Brazilian Cinema (1997).


Abajian, James de T. Blacks and Their Contributions to the American West (1974).

Beeth, Howard, and Cary Wintz. Black Dixie: Afro-Texan History and Culture in Houston (1992).

Bennett, Lerone, Jr. Before the Mayflower (1962; revised ed., 1987).

Berlin, Ira. Slaves without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South (1974).

Bertley, Leo W. Canada and Its People of African Descent (1977).

Deerr, Noel. The History of Sugar. 2 vols. (1949.1950).

Drake, St. Clair. Black Folk Here and There: An Essay in History and Anthropology. 2 vols. (1987.1990).

Drake, St. Clair, and Horace R. Cayton. Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (1945).

Dubofsky, Melvyn, and Stephen Burwood, eds. Women and Minorities During the Great Depression (1990).

Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction in America (1935).

Ehret, Christopher, and M. Posnansky. The Archaeological and Linguistic Reconstruction of African History (1982).

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863.1877 (1988).

Foner, Philip. Antonio Maceo (1977).

Foner, Philip. Black Panthers Speak (1995).

Foner, Philip. Organized Labor and the Black Worker 1619.1973 (1974).

Foner, Philip, and Ronald Lewis. Black Workers: A Documentary History from Colonial Times to the Present (1989).

Franklin, John Hope. The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790.1863 (1943).

Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans (1988).

Franklin, John Hope. Race and History: Selected Essays, 1938.1988 (1989).

Friedman, Lawrence J. Gregarious Saints: Self and Community in American Abolitionism, 1830.1870 (1982).

Funari, Pedro Paul A., Martin Hall, and Sian Jones, eds. Historical Archaeology: Back from the Edge (1999).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, eds. African-American Lives (2004).

Greenberg, Cheryl Lynn. .Or Does It Explode?.: Black Harlem in the Great Depression (1991).

Greene, Lorenzo Johnston, Gary R. Kremer, and Antonio F. Holland. Missouri's Black Heritage (1993).

Grossman, James R. Land of Hope: Chicago, Black Southerners and the Great Migration (1989).

Hamilton, Holman. Prologue to Conflict: The Crisis and Compromise of 1850 (1964).

Hamilton, Kenneth Marvin. Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Development in the Trans-Applachian West, 1877.1915 (1991).

Hardesty, Von, and Dominick Pisano. Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation (1983).

Haywood, Harry. Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist (1978).

Henson, Matthew A. A Black Explorer at the North Pole 1866.1955 (1989).

Higginbotham, A. Leon. In the Matter of Color: The Colonial Period (1978).

Higginbotham, A. Leon. Shades of Freedom: Racial Politics and Presumptions of the American Legal Process (1996).

Hill, Daniel G. The Freedom Seekers: Blacks in Early Canada (1981).

Hine, Darlene Clark, ed. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. 3 vols. 2d ed. (2004).

Hoyos, F. A. A History from the Amerindians to Independence (1978).

Isichei, Elizabeth. A History of African Societies to 1870 (1997).

Kaplan, Sidney, and Emma Nogrady Kaplan. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution. 2d ed. (1989).

Katzman, David. Before the Ghetto: Black Detroit in the Nineteenth Century (1973).

Katz, William L. Black People Who Made the Old West (1992).

Katz, William L. The Black West (1987).

Kusmer, Kenneth. A Ghetto Takes Shape: Black Cleveland, 1870.1930 (1976).

Lemann, Nicholas. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America (1991).

Litwack, Leon F., and August Meier, eds. Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century (1988).

Logan, Rayford, and Michael R. Winston. Dictionary of American Negro Biography (1982).

Lotz, Rainer, and Ian Pegg, eds. Under the Imperial Carpet: Essays in Black History, 1780.1950 (1990).

McElvaine, Robert S. The Great Depression: America, 1929.1941 (1984).

Mintz, Sidney. Sweetness and Power (1985).

Morell, Virginia. Ancestral Passions: The Leakey Family and the Quest for Humankind's Beginnings (1995).

Naison, Mark. Communists in Harlem During the Depression (1983).

Newby, I. A. Black Carolinians: A History of Blacks in South Carolina from 1895 to 1968 (1973).

Osofsky, Gilbert. Harlem: The Making of a Ghetto: Negro New York, 1890.1930 (1971; revised ed., 1996).

Painter, Nell Irvin. Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas after Reconstruction (1986).

Painter, Nell Irvin. Martin R. Delany: Elitism and Black Nationalism. In Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century. Edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier (1988): 148.171.

Painter, Nell Irvin. Sojourner Truth: A Life, a Symbol (1996).

Potter, David M. The Impending Crisis, 1848.1861 (1976).

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists (1969).

Rivlin, Benjamin, ed. Ralph Bunche: The Man and His Times (1990).

Roulhe, Nellie C. Work, Play, and Commitment: A History of the First Fifty Years, Jack and Jill of America, Incorporated (1989).

Rout, Leslie B. The African Experience in Spanish America, 1502 to the Present Day (1976).

Salzman, Jack, David Lionel Smith, and Cornel West, eds. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. 5 vols. (1996).

Santino, Jack. Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle: Stories of Black Pullman Porters (1989).

Snowden, Frank M., Jr. Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks (1983).

Snowden, Frank M., Jr. Blacks in Antiquity; Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience (1970).

Sterling, Dorothy. Black Foremothers: Three Lives (1988).

Sterling, Dorothy. The Making of an Afro-American: Martin Robison Delany 1812.1885 (1971).

Sterling, Dorothy. We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century (1984).

Stevenson, Brenda, ed. The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke (1988).

Sweetman, David. Women Leaders in African History (1984).

Tenenbaum, Barbara A., ed. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. 5 vols. (1996).

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. African Presence in Early America (1987).

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. African Presence in Early Europe (1985).

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Black Women in Antiquity (1984).

Van Sertima, Ivan, and Runoko Rashidi, eds. African Presence in Early Asia (1988).

Vansina, Jan. Oral Tradition as History (1985).

Van Tassel, David D., and John J. Grabowski. Cleveland: A Tradition of Reform (1986).

Van Tassel, David D., and John J. Grabowski. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (1987).

Walker, George E. The Afro-American in New York City, 1827.1860 (1993).

Walker, James W. St. G. The Black Loyalists: The Search for a Promised Land in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone, 1783.1870 (1992).

Weare, Walter B. Black Business in the New South: A Social History of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company (1973).

Wheeler, B. Gordon. Black California: The History of African-Americans in the Golden State (1993).

Wikramanayake, Marina. A World in Shadow: The Free Black in Antebellum South Carolina (1973).

Winch, Julie. Philadelphia's Black Elite: Activism, Accommodation, and the Struggle for Autonomy, 1787.1848 (1988).

Winks, Robin W. The Blacks in Canada: A History (1997).

Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South: 1877.1913 (1951).

Woodward, C. Vann. Reunion and Reaction: The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction (1951; reprint ed. 1991).

Woodward, C. Vann. The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1955).

Wright, Giles R. Afro-Americans in New Jersey: A Short History (1988).

Wright, Richard R., Jr. The Negro in Pennsylvania, A Study in Economic History (1969).

Literature: Africa

Achebe, Chinua. Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays (1988).

Cook, David, and Michael Okenimpke. Ngugi wa Thiong'o: An Exploration of His Writing. 2d ed. (1997).

Emecheta, Buchi. Head Above Water (1986).

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature (1986).

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Moving the Centre: The Struggle for Cultural Freedoms (1993).

Norris, H. T. The Berbers in Arabic Literature (1982).

Soyinka Wole. The Burden of Memory, the Muse of Forgiveness (1999).

Soyinka Wole. Myth, Literature, and the African World (1976).

Soyinka Wole. The Open Sore of a Continent: A Personal Narrative of the Nigerian Crisis (1996).

Literature: Latin America and the Caribbean

Armas, Jose R. De, and Charles W. Steele. Cuban Consciousness in Literature: 1923.1974 (1978).

Arnold, A. James. Modernism and Negritude: The Poetry and Poetics of Aimééire (1981).

Barreda-Tó, Pedro M. The Black Protagonist in the Cuban Novel (1979).

Brookshaw, David. Race and Color in Brazilian Literature (1986).

Campbell, Elaine, and Pierrette Frickey, eds. The Whistling Bird: Women Writers of the Caribbean (1998).

Cudjoe, Selwyn, ed. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. (1990).

Cudjoe, Selwyn, ed. Resistance and Caribbean Literature (1980).

Davies, Carol Boyce, and Elaine Savory Fido, eds. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature (1990).

Ferguson, Moira. Jamaica Kincaid: Where the Land Meets the Body (1994).

Glissant, Edouard. Caribbean Discourse: Selected Essays. Translated by J. Michael Dash (1989).

Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto. Myth and Archive: A Theory of Latin American Narrative (1998).

Hamner, Robert D., ed. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott (1993).

Jackson, Richard L. Black Writers in Latin America (1979).

King, Bruce, ed. West Indian Literature (1979).

Lewis, Marvin A. Ethnicity and Identity in Contemporary Afro-Venezuelan Literature: A Culturalist Approach (1992).

Loos, Dorothy Scott. The Naturalistic Novel of Brazil (1963).

Luis, William. Literary Bondage: Slavery in Cuban Narrative (1990).

Luis, William, ed. Voices from Under: Black Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean (1984).

Menton, Seymour. Prose Fiction of the Cuban Revolution (1975).

Mordecai, Pamela, and Betty Wilson, eds. Her True-True Name (1989).

Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. The Novels of George Lamming (1982).

Scharfman, Ronnie L. Engagement and the Language of the Subject in the Poetry of Aimééire (1987).

Simmons, Diane. Jamaica Kincaid (1994).

Sommer, Doris. Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America (1991).

Taylor, Patrick. The Narrative of Liberation: Perspectives on Afro-Caribbean Literature, Popular Culture, and Politics (1989).

Webb, Barbara J. Myth and History in Caribbean Fiction: Alejo Carpentier, Wilson Harris, and Edouard Glissant (1992).

Williams, Lorna V. The Representation of Slavery in Cuban Fiction. (1994).

Literature: North America

Andrews, William L. The Literary Career of Charles W. Chesnutt (1980).

Andrews, William L. Sisters of the Spirit: Three Black Women's Autobiographies of the Nineteenth Century (1986).

Andrews, William L. To Tell a Free Story: The First Century of Afro-American Autobiography, 1760.1865 (1986).

Babb, Valerie Melissa. Ernest Gaines (1991).

Bailey, Pearl. Between You and Me: A Heartfelt Memoir of Learning, Loving, and Living (1989).

Bailey, Pearl. The Raw Pearl (1968).

Baker, Houston A., Jr. Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature: A Vernacular Theory (1980).

Baraka, Amiri. The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones (1984).

Bell, Bernard. The Afro-American Novel and its Tradition (1987).

Benston, Kimberly, ed. Speaking for You: The Vision of Ralph Ellison (1995).

Bishop, Jack. Ralph Ellison (1988).

Boyer, Jay. Ishmael Reed (1993).

Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. Roots (1993).

Bruce, Dickson D., Jr. Black American Writing from the Nadir: The Evolution of a Literary Tradition, 1877.1915 (1989).

Bryant-Jackson, Paul, and Lois More Overbeck, eds. Intersecting Boundaries: The Theater of Adrienne Kennedy (1992).

Busby, Mark. Ralph Ellison (1991).

Callaghan, Barry, ed. The Austin Clarke Reader (1996).

Carby, Hazel V. Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist (1987).

Christian, Barbara. Black Feminist Criticism: Perspectives on Black Women Writers (1985).

Christian, Barbara. Black Women Novelists: The Development of a Tradition, 1892.1976 (1980).

Clarke, George Elliott, ed. Fire on the Water: An Anthology of Black Nova Scotian Writing. 2 vols. (1991.1992).

Coleman, James W. Blackness and Modernism: The Literary Career of John Edgar Wideman (1989).

Cooper, Wayne F. Claude McKay: A Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance: A Biography (1987).

Cueney, Anne. Lorraine Hansberry (1984).

Cullen, Countee. My Soul's High Song: The Collected Writings of Countee Cullen, Voice of the Harlem Renaissance. Edited by Gerald Early (1991).

Davis, Arthur P. From the Dark Tower: Afro-American Writers, 1900.1960 (1974).

Dunbar-Nelson, Alice. Give Us This Day: The Diary of Alice Dunbar-Nelson. Edited by Gloria T. Hull (1984).

Dundes, Alan, ed. Mother Wit from the Laughing Barrel: Readings in the Interpretation of Afro-American Folklore (1990).

Durix, Jean-Pierre. Dictionary of Literary Biography (1992).

Evans, Mari. Black Women Writers (1950.1980): A Critical Evaluation (1984).

Flynn, Joyce, and Joyce Occomy Stricklin, eds. Frye Street and Environs: The Collected Works of Marita Bonner Occomy (1987).

Fowler, Virginia. Nikki Giovanni (1992).

Gaines, Ernest. Porch Talk with Ernest Gaines: Conversations on the Writer's Craft. Edited by Marcia Gaudet and Carl Wooton (1990).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Black Literature and Literary Theory (1984).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Colored People: A Memoir (1994).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the Racial Self (1992).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Loose Canons: Notes on the Culture Wars (1992).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. The Signifying Monkey: Towards A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism (1988).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. Bearing Witness: Selections from African-American Autobiography in the Twentieth Century (1991).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. The Classic Slave Narratives (1987).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. Collected Black Women's Narratives: The Schomburg Library of Nineteenth-Century Black Women Writers (1988).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Kwame Anthony Appiah, eds. Richard Wright: Critical Perspectives Past and Present (1993).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Kwame Anthony Appiah, eds. Gloria Naylor: Critical Perspectives Past and Present (1993).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Nellie Y. McKay. The Norton Anthology of African-American Literature (1997).

Hedrick, Joan. Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life (1994).

Hemenway, Robert. Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography (1980).

Hemphill, Essex, ed. Brother to Brother: New Writings by Black Gay Men (1991).

Hodges, Leroy. Portrait of an Expatriate: William Gardner Smith, Writer (1985).

Hull, Gloria T. Color, Sex, and Poetry: Three Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance (1987).

Hurston, Zora Neale. I Love Myself When I Am Laughing and Then Again When I Am Looking Mean and Impressive: A Zora Neale Hurston Reader. Edited by Alice Walker (1979).

Hurston, Zora Neale. Mules and Men (1935).

James, Adeola. In Their Own Voices: African Women Writers Talk (1990).

Johnson, James Weldon. Black Manhattan (1930).

Johnson, James Weldon. Preface to The Book of American Negro Poetry (1922).

Julien, Isaac. Looking for Langston: A Meditation on Langston Hughes (1902.1967) and the Harlem Renaissance, with the Poetry of Essex Hemphill and Bruce Nugent (1906.1987)(1992).

Kennedy, Adrienne. People Who Led to My Plays (1987).

Leeming, David. James Baldwin: A Biography (1994).

Martin, Jay, ed. A Singer in the Dawn: Reinterpretations of Paul Laurence Dunbar (1975).

Martin, Reginald. Ishmael Reed and the New Black Aesthetic Critics (1988).

McLendon, Jacquelyn Y. The Politics of Color in the Fiction of Jessie Fauset and Nella Larsen (1995).

Murray, Pauli. Dark Testament and Other Poems (1970).

Murray, Pauli. Proud Shoes: The Story of an American Family (1956).

Murray, Pauli. Song in a Weary Throat: An American Pilgrimage (1987).

Nadel, Alan, ed. May All of Your Fences Have Gates: Essays on the Drama of August Wilson (1994).

Norris, Jerrie. Presenting Rosa Guy (1988).

Notten, Eleonore Van. Wallace Thurman's Harlem Renaissance (1994).

O'Meally, Robert G. The Craft of Ralph Ellison (1980).

Penkower, Monty Noam. The Federal Writers' Project: A Study in Government Patronage of the Arts (1983).

Peterson, Carla. Doers of the Word: African-American Women Speakers and Writers in the North (1830.1880) (1995).

Plato, Ann. Essays: Including Biographies and Miscellaneous Pieces, in Prose and Poetry (1841)

Render, Sylvia Lyons. Charles W. Chesnutt (1980).

Reynolds, Moira Davidson. .Uncle Tom's Cabin. and Mid-Nineteenth Century United States: Pen and Conscience (1985).

Richmond, Merle. Bid the Vassal Soar: Interpretative Essays on the Life and Poetry of Phillis Wheatley (ca. 1753.1784) and George Moses Horton (ca. 1797.1883). (1974).

Rollock, Barbara. Black Authors and Illustrators of Children's Books (1988).

Ruff, Shawn Stewart. Go the Way Your Blood Beats: An Anthology of Lesbian and Gay Fiction by African-American Writers (1996).

Shannon, Sandra G. The Dramatic Vision of August Wilson (1995).

Sherman, Joan. Invisible Poets: Afro-Americans of the Nineteenth Century. 2d ed. (1989).

Shockley, Ann Allen. Afro-American Women Writers, 1746.1933: An Anthology and Critical Guide (1988).

Silvera, Makeda, ed. The Other Woman: Women of Colour in Contemporary Canadian Literature (1994).

Sims, Rudine. Shadow and Substance: Afro-American Experience in Contemporary Children's Fiction (1982).

Smith, Barbara, ed. Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (1983).

Sollors, Werner. Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones: The Quest for a Populist Modernism (1978).

Sollors, Werner. Neither Black nor White, yet Both: Thematic Explorations of Interracial Literature (1997).

Sollors, Werner, ed. Multilingual America: Transnationalism, Ethnicity, and the Languages of American Literature (1998).

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom's Cabin: Authoritative Text. Backgrounds and Contexts (Norton Critical Edition). (1994).

Sylvander, Carolyn Wedin. Jessie Redmon Fauset, Black American Writer (1981).

Tate, Claudia. Domestic Allegories of Political Desire: The Black Heroine's Text at the Turn of the Century (1992).

Tillery, Tyrone. Claude McKay: A Black Poet's Struggle for Identity (1992).

Torrence, Ridgely. The Story of John Hope (1948).

Walker, Melissa. Down from the Mountaintop: Black Women's Novels in the Wake of the Civil Rights Movement, 1966.1989 (1991).

Williamson, Janice. Sounding Differences: Conversations with Seventeen Canadian Women Writers (1993).

Williams, Pontheolla T. Robert Flayden: A Critical Analysis of His Poetry (1987).

Willis, Susan. Specifying: Black Women Writing the American Experience (1987).

Wright, Lee Alfred. Identity, Family, and Folklore in African-American Literature (1995).

Medicine and Science

Adair, Gene. George Washington Carver (1989).

Bedini, Silvio. The Life of Benjamin Banneker (1971.1972).

Buckler, Helen. Daniel Hale Williams: Negro Surgeon (1968).

Clash, M. G. Benjamin Banneker, Astronomer and Scientist (1971).

Dummett, Clifton O., and Lois Doyle Dummett. Afro-Americans in Dentistry: Sequence and Consequence of Events (1978).

Duster, Troy. Backdoor to Eugenics (1990).

Elders, Joycelyn. Joycelyn Elders, M.D.: From Sharecropper's Daughter to Surgeon General of the United States of America (1997).

Estes, J. Worth. The Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt (1993).

Jones, James H. Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment (1993).

Kessler, James H. Distinguished African-American Scientists of the Twentieth Century (1996).

Kevles, Daniel. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity (1985).

Kremer, Gary R., ed. George Washington Carver in His Own Words (1987).

Morse, Stephen S. Emerging Viruses (1993).

Nunn, John E. Ancient Egyptian Medicine (1996).

Peters, Wallace, and Herbert M. Gilles. Color Atlas of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology (1995).

Sammons, Vivian O. Blacks in Science and Medicine (1990).

Simpson, David Ian H. Marburg and Ebola Virus Infections: A Guide for Their Diagnosis, Management, and Control (1977).

Stepan, Nancy. The Idea of Race in Science (1982).

Van Sertima, Ivan. Blacks in Science: Ancient and Modern (1991).

Wigg, David. And Then Forgot to Tell Us Why: A Look at the Campaign Against River Blindness in West Africa (1993).

Wynes, Charles E. Charles Richard Drew: The Man and the Myth (1988).


Cornish, Dudley T. The Sable Arm: Negro Troops in the Union Army, 1861.1865 (1956).

Dalfiume, Richard M. Desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forces: Fighting on Two Fronts, 1939.1953 (1969).

Davis, Benjamin O., Jr. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American: An Autobiography (1991).

Fletcher, Marvin E. America's First Black General: Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. (1989).

Fletcher, Marvin E. The Black Soldier and Officer in the United States Army, 1891.1917 (1974).

Foner, Philip. Blacks in the American Revolution (1976).

Foner, Philip. The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of U.S. Imperialism. Vol. I (1962).

Hiro, Dilip. Desert Shield to Desert Storm: The Second Gulf War (1992).

Klement, Frank L. The Copperheads of the Middle West (1972).

Lanning, Michael Lee, Lt. Col. (Ret.). The African-American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to Colin Powell (1997).

Leckie, William. The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West (1967).

McPherson, James M. The Negro's Civil War: How American Negroes Felt and Acted During the War for the Union (1965).

Morrow, Curtis. What's a Commie Ever Done to Black People?: A Korean War Memoir of Fighting in the U.S. Army's Last All Negro Unit (1997).

Nalty, Bernard C. Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military (1986).

Nugent, John Peer. Black Eagle (1971).

Phelps, J. Alfred. Chappie: America's First Black Four-Star General: The Life and Times of Daniel James, Jr. (1991).

Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the American Revolution (1961).

Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Civil War (1953).

Rishell, Lyle. With A Black Platoon in Combat: A Year in Korea (1993).

Rollin, Frank A. Life and Public Services of Martin R. Delany, Subassistant-Commissioner, Bureau Relief of Refugees, Freedmen, and of Abandoned Lands, and Late Major 104th U.S. Colored Troops (1868).

Schubert, Frank. Black Valor: Buffalo Soldiers and the Medal of Honor, 1870.1898 (1997).

Terry, Wallace, ed. Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War, by Black Veterans (1984).


Albertson, Chris. Bessie (1972).

Ammons, Kevin. Good Girl, Bad Girl: An Insider's Biography of Whitney Houston (1996).

Anderson, Marian. My Lord, What a Morning: An Autobiography (1956).

Austerlitz, Paul. Merengue: Dominican Music and Dominican Identity (1997).

Averill, Gage. A Day for the Hunter, a Day for the Prey (1997).

Baker, David. The Jazz Style of Cannonball Adderley (1980).

Barker, Danny. A Life in Jazz (1986).

Barrow, Steve, and Peter Dalton. Reggae: The Rough Guide (1997).

Basie, William James (.Count.), as told to Albert Murray. Good Morning Blues: The Autobiography of Count Basie (1985).

Bego, Mark. Aretha Franklin (1989).

Behague, Gerard H., ed. Music and Black Ethnicity: The Caribbean and South America (1994).

Berendt, Joachim. The Jazz Book: From Rag-time to Fusion and Beyond. 6th ed. (1992).

Berry, Chuck. Chuck Berry: The Autobiography (1987).

Bianco, David. Heat Wave: The Motown Fact Book (1988).

Blancq, C. C. Sonny Rollins: The Journey of a Jazzman (1983).

Blesh, Rudi, and Harriet Janis. They All Played Ragtime. 4th ed. (1971).

Bolcom, William, and Robert Kimball. Reminiscing with Sissle and Blake (1973).

Britt, Stan. Dexter Gordon: A Musical Biography (1989).

Broughton, Simon, Mark Ellingham, David Muddyman, and Richard Trillo. World Music: The Rough Guide (1994).

Brown, Geoff, and Chris Charlesworth. A Complete Guide to the Music of Prince (1995).

Brown, Ruth, with Andrew Yule. Miss Rhythm: The Autobiography of Ruth Brown, Rhythm Blues Legend (1996).

Brown, Scott E. James P. Johnson: A Case of Mistaken Identity (1986).

Buckley, Gail Lumet. The Hornes: An American Family (1986).

Calvo Ospina, Hernando. Salsa! Havana Heat, Bronx Beat. (1992).

Carner, Gary, ed. The Miles Davis Companion: Four Decades of Commentary (1996).

Carr, Ian. Miles Davis: A Biography (1982).

Chambers, Jack. Milestones. 2 vols. (1983.1985).

Charters, Samuel B. The Bluesmen. 2 vols. (1967.1977).

Chilton, John. The Song of the Hawk: The Life and Recordings of Coleman Hawkins (1990).

Clark, Sebastian. Jah Music (1980).

Collier, James Lincoln. The Making of Jazz: A Comprehensive History (1978).

Collins, R. New Orleans Jazz: A Revised History: The Development of American Jazz from the Origin to the Big Bands (1996).

Davis, Stephen, and Peter Simon. Reggae International (1983).

De Wilde, Laurent. Monk (1997).

Dixon, Willie. I Am the Blues: The Willie Dixon Story (1989).

Duggy, John. Prince: An Illustrated Biography (1995).

Erlewine, Michael, et al., eds. All Music Guide to Jazz: The Experts' Guide to the Best Jazz Recordings (1996).

Floyd, Samuel, ed. Black Music in the Harlem Renaissance (1990).

Gabbard, Krin, ed. Representing Jazz (1995).

George, Nelson. Where Did Our Love Go?: The Rise and Fall of the Motown Sound (1985).

George, Nelson, et al., eds. Fresh: Hip Hop Don't Stop (1985).

Gillespie, John Birks (.Dizzy.), with Al Fraser. Dizzy To BE, or Not to BOP: The Autobiography of Dizzy Gillespie (1979).

Gourse, Leslie. Unforgettable: The Life and Mystique of Nat King Cole (1991).

Groia, Philip. They All Sang on the Corner: A Second Look at New York City's Rhythm and Blues Vocal Groups (1983).

Guilbault, Jocelyne, with Gage Avehill, Edouard Benoit, and Gregory Rabess. Zouk: World Music in the West Indies (1993).

Guralnick, Peter. Searching for Robert Johnson (1989).

Guralnick, Peter. Sweet Soul Music: Rhythm and Blues and the Southern Dream of Freedom (1986).

Handy, William C. Father of the Blues: An Autobiography. Edited by Arna Bontemps (1941).

Haskins, James. Bricktop (1983).

Haskins, James. Mabel Mercer: A Life (1987).

Haskins, James, and N. R. Mitgang. Mr. Bojangles: The Biography of Bill Robinson (1988).

Heilbut, Anthony. The Gospel Sound: Good News and Bad Times (1971).

Helm, MacKinley. Angel Mo' and Her Son, Roland Hayes (1942).

Hosiasson, Jose. Kid Ory. In New Grove Dictionary of Jazz (1988).

James, Michael. Ten Modern Jazzmen: An Appraisal of the Recorded Work of Ten Modern Jazzmen (1960).

Jasen, David A., and Trebor Tichenor. Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History (1989).

Kenney, William Rowland. Chicago Jazz: A Cultural History, 1904.1930 (1993).

King, B. B., with David Ritz. Blues All Around Me: The Autobiography of B. B. King (1996).

Kitt, Eartha. Alone with Me (1976).

Kitt, Eartha. Thursday's Child (1956).

Knaack, Twila. Ethel Waters: I Touched a Sparrow (1978).

Knight, Gladys. Between Each Line of Pain and Glory: My Life Story (1997).

Lees, Gene. Oscar Peterson: The Will to Swing (1988).

Lichtenstein, Grace, and Laura Dankner. Musical Gumbo: The Music of New Orleans (1993).

Lomax, Alan. Mister Jelly Roll: The Fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and Inventor of Jazz (1973).

Lomax, Alan. The Land Where the Blues Began (1993).

Lyons, Leonard. The Great Jazz Pianists: Speaking of Their Lives and Music (1983).

Manuel, Peter, ed. Essays on Cuban Music: North American and Cuban Perspectives (1991).

Manuel, Peter, with Kenneth Bilby and Michael Largey. Caribbean Currents: Caribbean Music from Rumba to Reggae (1995).

Marquis, Donald M. In Search of Buddy Bolden: First Man of Jazz (1978).

Marsh, J. B. T. The Story of the Jubilee Singers with Their Songs (1880; reprint ed., 1971).

Mcgowan, Chris, and Ricardo Pessanha. The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of Brazil (1991).

Morgan, Thomas L., and William Barlow. From Cakewalks to Concert Halls: An Illustrated History of African-American Popular Music from 1895.1930 (1992).

Makeba, Miriam, with James Hall. Makeba: My Story (1988).

Oliver, Paul. Songsters and Saints: Vocal Traditions on Race Records (1984).

Oliver, Paul, ed. Black Music in Britain: Essays on the Afro-Asian Contribution to Popular Music (1990).

Ospina, Hernando Calvo. Salsa: Havana Beat, Bronx Beat (1985).

Otis, Johnny. Upside Your Head!: Rhythm and Blues on Central Avenue (1993).

Owens, Thomas. Bebop: The Music and Its Players (1995).

Palmer, Richard. Oscar Peterson (1984).

Palmer, Robert. Deep Blues (1981).

Placksin, Sally. American Women in Jazz: 1900 to the Present: Their Words, Lives, and Music (1982).

Potash, Chris, ed. Reggae, Rasta, Revolution: Jamaican Music from Ska to Dub (1997).

Pride, Charley. Pride: The Charley Pride Story (1994).

Pruter, Robert. Doowop: The Chicago Scene (1996).

Rap on Rap: Straight Up Talk on Hip Hop Culture. Compiled by Adam Sexton (1995).

Redd, Lawrence N. Rock Is Rhythm and Blues: The Impact of Mass Media (1974).

Ritz, David. Divided Soul: The Life of Marvin Gaye (1985).

Roberts, John Storm. The Latin Tinge: The Impact of Latin American Music on the United States (1979).

Robeson, Paul. Here I Stand (1958).

Robeson, Susan. The Whole World in His Hands: A Pictorial Biography of Paul Robeson (1981).

Ro, Ronin. Gangsta Merchandizing the Rhymes of Violence (1996).

Rose Al. Eubie Blake (1979).

Rose, Tricia. Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America (1994).

Russell, Ross. Bird Lives: The High Life and Hard Times of Charlie (Yardbird) Parker (1973).

Russell, Ross. Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest (1971).

Schuller, Gunther. Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development (1968).

Schuller, Gunther. The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz, 1930.1945 (1989).

Shaw, Arnold. Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues (1978).

Silvester, Peter. A Left Hand like God: A History of Boogie-Woogie Piano (1988).

Simkins, Cuthbert O. Coltrane: A Musical Biography (1975).

Singer, Barry. Black and Blue: The Life and Lyrics of Andy Razaf (1992).

Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black Americans: A History (1983).

Spellman, A. B. Black Music: Four Lives (1970).

Stewart-Baxter, Derrick. Ma Rainey and the Classic Blues Singers (1970).

Still, Judith Anne. William Grant Still: A Bio-bibliography (1996).

Stinson, Sulee Jean. The Dawn of Blaxploitation: Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song and its Audience (1992).

Story, Rosalyn M. And So I Sing: African-American Divas of Opera and Concert (1990).

Swenson, John. Stevie Wonder (1986).

Taylor, Frank. Alberta Hunter: A Celebration in Blues (1987).

Toop, David. Ocean of Sound: Aether Talk, Ambient Sound, and Imaginary Worlds (1995).

Turner, Frederick W. Remembering Song: Encounters with the New Orleans Jazz Tradition. Exp. ed. (1994).

Ullman, Michael. Jazz Lives: Portraits in Words and Pictures (1980).

Weinstein, Norman. A Night in Tunisia: Imaginings of Africa in Jazz (1993).

White, Timothy. Catch a Fire: The Life of Bob Marley. Rev. and enl. ed. (1998).

Wilson, Mary, with Patricia Romanowski and Ahrgus Juilliard. Dreamgirl: My Life as a Supreme (1986).

Woidek, Carl. Charlie Parker: His Music and Life (1996).

Performing Arts

Alpert, Hollis. The Life and Times of Porgy and Bess (1990).

Aschenbrenner, Joyce. Katherine Dunham: Reflections on the Social and Political Aspects of Afro-American Dance (1981).

Beckford, Ruth. Katherine Dunham: A Biography (1979).

Borders, William H. Seven Minutes at the Mike in the Deep South (1943).

Boskin, Joseph. Sambo: The Rise and Demise of an American Jester (1986).

Browning, Barbara. Samba: Resistance in Motion (1995).

Cooper, Ralph, with Steve Dougherty. Amateur Night at the Apollo: Ralph Cooper Presents Five Decades of Great Entertainment (1990).

Emery, Lynne Fauley. Black Dance in the United States from 1619 to 1970 (1980).

Fletcher, Tom. One Hundred Years of the Negro in Show Business (1984).

Fox, Ted. Showtime at the Apollo (1983).

Frank, Rusty E. Tap! The Greatest Tap Dance Stars and Their Stories, 1900.1955 (1990).

Funke, Lewis. The Curtain Rises: The Story of Ossie Davis (1971).

Haskins, James. Black Dance in America: A History through Its People (1990).

Long, Richard. The Black Tradition in American Dance (1989).

Malone, Jacqui. Steppin' on the Blues: The Visible Rhythms of African-American Dance (1996).

Mapp, Edward. Directory of Blacks in the Performing Arts (1990).

Maynard, Olga. Judith Jamison: Aspects of a Dancer (1982).

Olaniyan, Tejumola. Scars of Conquest/Masks of Resistance: The Invention of Cultural Identities in African, African-American, and Caribbean Drama (1995).

Plastow, Jane. Ethiopia: The Creation of a Theater Culture (1989).

Rule, Sheila. Fredi Washington, 90, Actress; Broke Ground for Black Artists. New York Times (June 30, 1994): D21.

Stearns, Marshall, and Jean Stearns. Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance. Rev. ed. (1979).

Thorpe, Edward. Black Dance (1990).

Walker, Ethel Pitts. The American Negro Theater. In The Theater of Black Americans. Edited by Errol Hill (1987).

Watkins, Mel. On The Real Side: Laughing, Lying, and Signifying. The Underground Tradition of African-American Humor (1994).

Williams, Elsie A. The Humor of Jackie Moms Mabley: An African-American Comedic Tradition (1995).

Political and Social Movements

Bernstein, Iver. The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War (1990).

Boykin, Keith. One More River to Cross: Black and Gay in America (1996).

Bracey, John H., Jr., et al., eds. Black Nationalism in America (1970).

Brisbane, Robert. Black Activism: Racial Revolution in the U.S., 1954.70 (1974).

Brown, H. Rap. Die, Nigger, Die! (1969).

Buhle, Paul. C. L. R. James: The Artist as Revolutionary (1988).

Capeci, Dominic J., Jr. The Harlem Riot of 1943 (1977).

Forman, James. The Making of Black Revolutionaries (1985).

Franklin, John Hope, and August Meier, eds. Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century (1982).

Geis, Immanuel. The Pan-African Movement: A History of Pan-Africanism in America, Europe and Africa (1974).

Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd. Revolt Against Chivalry: Jessie Daniel Ames and the Women's Campaign Against Lynching (1979).

Hall, Stuart, and Martin Jacques, eds. New Times: The Changing Face of Politics in the 1990s (1990).

Jacques-Garvey, Amy, ed. Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey (1923.1925).

James, C. L. R. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1963).

James, C. L. R. A History of Pan-African Revolt (1969).

Kesselman, Louis. The Social Politics of FEPC: A Study in Reform Pressure Movements (1948).

Kraditor, Aileen S. Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834.1850 (1989).

Lipzitz, George. A Life in the Struggle: Ivory Perry and the Culture of Opposition (1988).

Lynch, Hollis R. Black American Radicals and the Liberation of Africa: The Council on African Affairs, 1937.1955 (1978).

Moses, Wilson Jeremiah. The Golden Age of Black Nationalism: 1850.1925 (1978).

Piven, Frances Fox, and Richard A. Cloward. Poor People's Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail (1977).

Redkey, Edwin S. Black Exodus: Black Nationalist and Back-to-Africa Movements, 1890.1910 (1969).

Redmon, Coates. Come As You Are: The Peace Corps Story (1986).

Richards, Leonard L. Gentleman of Property and Standing: Anti-Abolition Mobs in Jacksonian America (1970).

Van Deburg, William L. New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965.1975 (1992).

Venet, Wendy Hammond. Neither Ballots nor Bullets: Women Abolitionists and the Civil War (1991).

West, Guida. The National Welfare Rights Movement: The Social Protest of Poor Women (1981).

Yellin, Jean Pagan, and John C. Van Horne, eds. The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women's Political Culture in Antebellum America (1994).

Politics and Government: Africa

Allen, Philip M. Madagascar: Conflicts of Authority in the Great Island (1995).

Ascherson, Neal. The King Incorporated: Leopold II in the Age of Trusts (1963).

Beyan, Amos J. The American Colonization Society and the Creation of the Liberian State: A Historical Perspective, 1822.1900 (1991).

Bowman, Larry W. Mauritius: Democracy and Development in the Indian Ocean (1991).

Christie, Iain. Samora Machel: A Biography (1989).

Christopher, A. J. The Atlas of Apartheid (1994).

Cohen, Ronald, Goran Hyden, and Winston P. Nagan, eds. Human Rights and Governance in Africa (1993).

Gourevitch, Philip. We Wish to Inform You that Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Families: Stories from Rwanda (1998).

Hall, Margaret, and Tom Young. Confronting Leviathan: Mozambique Since Independence (1997).

Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa (1998).

Ihonvbere, Julius O. Economic Crisis, Civil Society, and Democratization: The Case of Zambia (1996).

Lemarchand, Rene. Political Awakening in the Belgian Congo (1964).

Leslie, Winesome J. Zaire: Continuity and Political Change in an Oppressive State (1993).

Joyce, Peter. Anatomy of a Rebel: Smith of Rhodesia: A Biography (1974).

Munslow, Barry, ed. Samora Machel, an African Revolutionary: Selected Speeches and Writings (1985).

Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela (1994).

Mandela, Nelson. The Struggle Is My Life: His Speeches and Writings Brought Together to Mark His 60th Birthday (1978).

Mannick, A. R. Mauritius: The Politics of Change (1989).

Mazrui, Ali A. The Africans: A Triple Heritage (1986).

Minter, William. Apartheid's Contras: An Inquiry into the Pools of War in Angola and Mozambique (1994).

Nkomo, Joshua. Nkomo: The. Story of My Life (1984).

Nkomo, Joshua. Zimbabwe Must and Shall Be Totally Free (1977).

Nyerere, Julius K. The Arusha Declaration: Ten Years After (1977).

Nyerere, Julius K. Freedom and Socialism: Uhuru na Ujamaa: A Selection from Writings and Speeches, 1965.1967 (1968).

Nyerere, Julius K. Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism (1971).

Ormond, Roger. The Apartheid Handbook: A Guide to South Africa's Everyday Racial Policies (1985).

Quinn, Charlotte. Mandingo Kingdoms of the Senegambia: Traditionalism, Islam, and European Expansion (1972).

Rake, Alan. Who's Who in Africa: Leaders for the 1990s (1992).

Ruedy, John. Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation (1992).

Salem, Norma. Habib Bourguiba, Islam and the Creation of Tunisia (1984).

Schatzberg, Michael. The Dialectics of Oppression in Zaire (1988).

Smith, Ian Douglas. The Great Betrayal: The Memoirs of Ian Douglas Smith (1997).

Thomas, Antony. Rhodes (1996).

Vansina, Jan. Paths in the Rainforests: Toward a History of Political Tradition in Equatorial Africa (1990).

Vines, Alex. Renamo: Terrorism in Mozambique (1991).

Williams, Michael W. Pan-Africanism: An Annotated Bibliography (1992).

Young, Crawford. Politics in the Congo: Decolonization and Independence (1965).

Politics and Government: Latin America and the Caribbean

Abbott, Elizabeth. Haiti: The Duvaliers and Their Legacy (1988).

Congress, Rick. The Afro-Nicaraguans: The Revolution and Autonomy (1987).

Conniff, Michael L., and Thomas J. Davis. Africans in the Americas: The History of the Black Diaspora (1994).

Davis, H. P. Black Democracy: The Story of Haiti (1967).

Ferguson, James. Papa Doc, Baby Doc: Haiti and the Duvaliers (1987).

Gay, Robert. Popular Organization and Democracy in Rio de Janeiro: A Tale of Two Favelas (1994).

Jeffrey, Henry B., and Colin Baser. Guyana: Politics, Economics, and Society: Beyond the Burnham Era (1986).

Lockhart, James. Spanish Peru, 1532.1560: A Social History (1994).

Lumdsen, I. Society and the State in Mexico (1991).

Moran, Charles. Black Triumvirate: A Study of L'Ouverture, Dessalines, Christophe: The Men Who Made Haiti (1957).

Perlman, Janice. The Myth of Marginality: Urban Poverty and Politics in Rio de Janeiro (1973).

Thomas, Hugh. Cuba: The Pursuit of Freedom (1971).

Vandercook, John W. Black Majesty: The Life of Christophe, King of Haiti (1934).

Williams, Eric. Inward Hunger: The Education of a Prime Minister (1969).

Worcester, Kent. C. L. R. James and the American Century, 1938.1953 (1980).

Politics and Government: North America

Agronsky, Jonathan. Marion Barry: The Politics of Race (1991).

Berry, Jason. Amazing Grace: With Charles Evers in Mississippi (1973).

Buni, Andrew. The Negro in Virginia Politics, 1902.1965 (1967).

Carmichael, Stokely, and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America (1992).

Chisholm, Shirley. Unbought and Unbossed (1970).

Clay, William L. Just Permanent Interests: Black Americans in Congress, 1870.1991 (1992).

Cutler, John Henry. Ed Brooke: Biography of a Senator (1972).

Duffy, Susan. Shirley Chisholm. In American Orators of the Twentieth Century. Edited by Barnard K. Duffy and Halford R. Ryan (1987).

Frady, Marshall. Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson (1996).

Gavins, Raymond. The Perils and Prospects of Southern Black Leadership: Gordon Blaine Hancock, 1884.1970 (1977).

Gosnell, Harold F. Negro Politicians: The Rise of Negro Politics in Chicago (1967).

Hamilton, Charles V. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.: The Political Biography of an American Dilemma (1991).

Haskins, James. Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (1973).

Haygood, Wil. King of the Cats: The Life and Times of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (1993).

Jordan, Barbara, and Shelby Hearon. Barbara Jordan: A Self-Portrait (1979).

Kirwan, Albert Dennis. John J. Crittenden: The Struggle for the Union (1962).

Klehr, Harvey. The Heyday of American Communism: The Depression Decade (1984).

Kleppner, Paul. Chicago Divided: The Making of a Black Mayor (1985).

Kousser, J. Morgan. The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880.1910 (1974).

Lynch, John Roy. Reminiscences of an Active Life: The Autobiography of John Roy Lynch. Edited by John Hope Franklin (1970).

Newton, Huey P. To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey Newton (1972).

Newton, Huey P. War Against the Panthers: A Study of Repression in America (1997).

Obadele, Imari. America the Nation State: The Politics of the United States from a State-building Perspective (1988).

O'Reilly, Kenneth. Nixon's Piano: Presidents and Racial Politics from Washington to Clinton (1995).

Payne J. Gregory, and Scott C. Ratzan. Tom Bradley: The Impossible Dream: A Biography (1986).

Phelps, Timothy M., and Helen Winternitz. Capitol Games: The Inside Story of Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill, and a Supreme Court Nomination (1993).

Powell, Colin L. My American Journey (1995).

Ragan, Sandra L. et al., ed. The Lynching of Language: Gender, Politics, and Power in the Hill-Thomas Hearings (1996).

Roth, David. Sacred Honor: A Biography of Colin Powell (1993).

Scheader, Catherine. Shirley Chisholm: Teacher and Congresswoman (1990).

Urquhart, Brian. Ralph Bunche: An American Life (1993).

Ware, Gilbert. William Hastie: Grace Under Pressure (1984).

Weinberg, Kenneth G. Black Victory: Carl Stokes and the Winning of Cleveland (1968).

Weiss, Nancy J. Farewell to the Party of Lincoln: Black Politics in the Age of FDR (1983).

Yancey, Dwayne. When Hell Froze Over: The Untold Story of Doug Wilder: A Black Politician's Rise to Power in the South (1988).

Press and Periodicals

Blassingame, John W., and Mae G. Henderson, eds. Antislavery Newspapers and Periodicals. 5 vols. (1980).

Bullock, Penelope L. The Afro-American Periodical Press, 1838.1909 (1981).

Crouchett, Lorraine J. Delilah Leontium Beasley: Oakland's Crusading Journalist (1990).

Dawkins, Wayne. Black Journalists: The NABJ Story (1993).

Hoffman, Frederick J., Charles Allen, and Carolyn R. Ulrich. The Little Magazine: A History and a Bibliography (1946).

Jacobs, Donald M. Antebellum Black Newspapers (1976).

Johnson, Abby Arthur, and Ronald Maberry Johnson. Propaganda and Aesthetics: The Literary Politics of African-American Magazines in the Twentieth Century (1991).

Joyce, Donald Franklin. Black Book Publishers in the United Slates: A Historical Dictionary of the Presses, 1817.1990 (1991).

Joyce, Donald Franklin. Gatekeepers of Black Culture: Black-Owned Book Publishing in the United Slates, 1817.1981 (1983).

McMurry, Linda O. Recorder of the Black Experience: Biography of Monroe Nathan Work (1985).

Oriard, Michael. Reading Football: How the Popular Press Created an American Spectacle (1993).

Suggs, Henry Lewis. P. B. Young, Newspaperman: Race, Politics, and Journalism in the New South, 1910.1962 (1988).

Wolseley, Roland E. The Black Press, U.S.A. (1990).

Race and Race Relations

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. The Ethics of Identity (2005).

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, and Amy Gutmann. Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race (1996).

Andrews, George Reid. Blacks and Whites in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1888.1988 (1991).

Asante, Molefi Kete. The Afrocentric Idea (1987).

Asante, Molefi Kete. Afrocentricity (1988).

Asante, Molefi Kete. Kemet, Afrocentricity, and Knowledge (1990).

Bennett, Norman. Arab versus European: Diplomacy and War in Nineteenth-Century East Central Africa (1986).

Blakely, Allison. Blacks in the Dutch World: The Evolution of Racial Imagery in a Modern Society (1993).

Blakely, Allison. Russia and the Negro: Blacks in Russian History and Thought (1986).

Broussard, Albert S. Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900.1954 (1993).

Brown, Tony. Black Lies, White Lies: The Truth According to Tony Brown (1995).

Carew, Jan. Fulcrums of Change: Origins of Racism in the Americas (1988).

Conniff, Michael L. Black Labor on a White Canal: Panama 1904.1981 (1985).

Cortner, Richard C. A Mob Intent on Death: The NAACP and the Arkansas Riot Cases (1988).

Counter, S. Allen. North Pole Legacy: Black, White and Eskimo (1991).

D'Orso, Michael. Like Judgement Day: The Ruin and Redemption of a Town Called Rosewood (1996).

Ellsworth, Scott. Death in a Promised Land: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (1982).

Forbes, Jack D. Africans and Native Americans: The Language of Race and the Evolution of Red-Black Peoples (1988).

Frazier, E. Franklin. On Race Relations: Selected Writings. Edited by Gilbert Edwards (1968).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Black Man (1997).

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Cornel West. The Future of the Race (1996).

Gilroy, Paul. There Ain't No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation (1991).

Guzman, Jessie P. Crusade for Civic Democracy: The Story of the Tuskegee Civic Association, 1941.1970 (1985).

Hair, William Ivy. Carnival of Fury: Robert Charles and the New Orleans Race Riot of 1900 (1976).

Hall, Stuart. Racism and Reaction. In Five Views on Multi-Racial Britain (1978).

Harris, Fred R., and Roger Wilkins, eds. Quiet Riots: Race and Poverty in the United States (1988).

Harrison, Alferdteen, ed. Black Exodus: The Great Migration from the American South (1991).

Hayden, Tom. Rebellion in Newark: Official Violence and Ghetto Response (1967).

Hirsh, Arnold R., and Joseph Logsdon. Creole New Orleans: Race and Americanization (1992).

Holdredge, Helen. Mammy Pleasant (1953).

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari. Betrayed: A History of Presidential Failure to Protect Black Lives (1996).

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari. Blacks and Reds: Race and Class in Conflict, 1919.1990 (1995).

Lane, Ann J. The Brownsville Affair: National Crisis and Black Reaction (1971).

Lane, Roger. Roots of Violence in Black Philadelphia, 1860.1900 (1986).

Love, Spencie. One Blood: The Death and Resurrection of Charles Drew (1996).

Malcolm X, with Alex Haley. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1964).

Martin, Tony. Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (1986).

Miller, Floyd J. The Search for a Black Nationality: Black Colonization and Emigration, 1787.1863 (1975).

Moore, Joseph Thomas. Pride Against Prejudice: The Biography of Larry Doby (1988).

Morrison, Toni. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992).

Morrison, Toni, ed. Race-ing Justice, En-gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality (1992).

Munford, Clarence. Race and Reparations: A Black Perspective for the Twenty-First Century (1996).

Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (1944).

Nascimento, Abdias do. Africans in Brazil: A Pan-African Perspective (1992).

Nascimento, Abdias do. Racial Democracy in Brazil, Myth or Reality?: A Dossier of Brazilian Racism. Translated by Elisa Larkin do Nascimento; foreword by Wole Soyinka (1977).

Nash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia's Black Community, 1720.1840 (1988).

Nash, Gary B. Race and Revolution (1990).

Patterson, Orlando. Freedom in the Making of Western Culture (1991).

Patterson, Orlando. The Ordeal of Integration: Progress and Resentment in America's Racial Crisis (1997).

Patterson, Orlando. Rituals of Blood: Consequences of Slavery in Two American Centuries (1998).

Prather, H. Leon. We Have Taken a City: Wilmington Racial Massacre and Coup of 1898 (1984).

Rabinowitz, Howard N. Race Relations in the Urban South, 1865.1890 (1996).

Ramos, Arthur. The Negro in Brazil (1951).

Rivlin, Gary. Fire on the Prairie: Chicago's Harold Washington and the Politics of Race (1993).

Rudwick, Elliott M. Race Riot at East St. Louis, July 2, 1917 (1964).

Shogan, Robert, and Tom Craig. The Detroit Race Riot: A Study in Violence (1964).

Skidmore, Thomas E. Black into White: Race and Nationality in Brazilian Thought (1974; revised ed., 1993).

Smith-Irvin, Jeannette. Footsoldiers of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: Their Own Words (1988).

Sullivan, Patricia. Days of Hope: Race and Democracy in the New Deal Era (1996).

Thomas, Brook. Plessy v. Ferguson: A Brief History with Documents (1997).

Tuttle, William M., Jr. Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919 (1970).

Tuttle, William M., Jr., ed. W. E. B. Du Bois (1973).

Ullman, Victor. Martin R. Delany: The Beginnings of Black Nationalism (1971).

Wade, Peter. Blackness and Race Mixture: The Dynamics of Racial Identity in Colombia (1993).

Wade, Peter. Race and Ethnicity in Latin America (1997).

Wagley, Charles, ed. Race and Class in Rural Brazil. 2d ed. (1963).

Weaver, John Downing. The Brownsville Raid (1970).

Weaver, John Downing. The Senator and the Sharecropper's Son: Exoneration of the Brownsville Soldiers (1997).

West, Cornel. Beyond Eurocentrism and Multiculturalism (1993).

West, Cornel. Black Theology and Marxist Thought (1979).

West, Cornel. Keeping Faith: Philosophy and Race in America (1993).

West, Cornel. Prophetic Reflections: Notes on Race and Power in America (1993).

West, Cornel. Race Matters (1993).

Whitfield, Stephen J. A Death in the Delta: The Story of Emmett Till (1988).

Williamson, Joel. After Slavery: The Negro in South Carolina During Reconstruction, 1861.1877 (1965; reprint ed., 1990).

Williamson, Joel. The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation (1984).

Williamson, Joel. New People: Miscegenation and Mulattoes in the United States (1980).

Wilson, William Julius. The Bridge over the Racial Divide: Rising Inequality and Coalition Politics (1999).

Wolfenstein, Eugene Victor. The Victims of Democracy: Malcolm X and the Black Revolution (1981).

Wood, Joe, ed. Malcolm X: In Our Own Image (1992).


Austin-Broos, Diane. Jamaica Genesis: Religion and the Politics of Moral Orders (1997).

Baer, Hans A., and Merril Singer. African-American Religion in the Twentieth Century: Varieties of Protest and Accommodation (1992).

Boff, C., and L. Boff. Introducing Liberation Theology (1987).

Bragg, George Freeman. The History of the Afro-American Group of the Episcopal Church (1968).

Bragg, George Freeman. The Story of the First Blacks: Absalom Jones (1929).

Brown, Diana DeGroat. Umbanda: Religion and Politics in Urban Brazil (1994).

Campbell, James T. Songs of Zion: The African Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States and South Africa (1995).

Carvalho, Jose Jorge de, and Rita Laura Segato. Shango Cult in Recife, Brazil (1992).

Cone, James H. Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare (1991).

Consenting, Donald J., ed. Sacred Arts of Haitian Vodou (1995).

Cox, Harvey. Fire from Heaven: The Rise of Pentecostal Spirituality and the Reshaping of Religion in the Twenty-first Century (1995).

Davis, Cyprian. The History of Black Catholics in the United States (1990).

Deren, Maya. Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti (1953).

Desmangles, Leslie G. The Faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman Catholicism in Haiti (1992).

Dorsey, Thomas Andrew. Say Amen, Somebody (1983).

Douglass, William. Annals of the First African Church in the United States of America, Now Styled the African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, Philadelphia (1862).

Fairclough, Adam. To Redeem the Soul of America: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr. (1987).

Foley, Albert S. Bishop Healy: Beloved Outcaste (1954).

Foote, Julia. A Brand Plucked From the Fire. In Spiritual Narratives. Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1988).

Foner, Philip, ed. Black Socialist Preacher: The Teachings of Reverend George Washington Woodbey and His Disciple Reverend George W. Slater, Jr. (1983).

George, Carol V. R. Segregated Sabbaths: Richard Alien and the Emergence of Independent Black Churches 1760.1840 (1972)

Glazier, Stephen D. Marchin' the Pilgrims Home (1983).

Glazier, Stephen D., ed. Perspectives on Pentecostalism: Case Studies from the Caribbean and Latin America (1980).

Gonzáz-Whippler, Migene. The Santeria Experience: A Journey into the Miraculous. Rev. and exp. ed. (1992).

Gray, Richard. Black Christians and White Missionaries (1990).

Hayes, Diana L. And Still We Rise: An Introduction to Black Liberation Theology (1996).

Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. Righteous Discontent: The Women's Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880.1920 (1993).

Jones, Ralph H. Charles Albert Tindley: Prince of Preachers (1982).

Klots, Steve. Richard Alien (1991).

Kostarelos, Frances. Feeling the Spirit: Faith and Hope in an Evangelical Black Storefront Church (1995).

Lincoln, C. Eric, and Lawrence Mamiya. The Black Church in the African-American Experience (1990).

MacRobert, Iain. The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalism in the U.S.A. (1988).

Martin, Marie-Louise. Kimbangu: An African Prophet and His Church (1975).

Matory, J. Lorand. Sex and the Empire That Is No More: Gender and the Politics of Metaphor in Oyo Yoruba Religion (1994).

McKivigan, John R. The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830.1865 (1984).

Metraux, Alfred. Voodoo in Haiti (1959).

Moses, Wilson Jeremiah. Black Messiahs and Uncle Toms: Social and Literary Manipulation of a Religious Myth (1982).

Mudimbe, Valentin. The Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of Knowledge (1988).

Murphy, Joseph M. Working the Spirit: Ceremonies of the African Diaspora (1994).

Ochs, Stephen J. Desegregating the Altar: The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests, 1871.1960 (1970).

Paris, Peter. Black Religious Leaders: Conflict in Unity (1991).

Payne, Daniel A. History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Vol. I (1891; reprint ed., 1968).

Ray, Benjamin. African Religions: Symbol, Ritual, and Community (1976).

Simpson, George Eaton. Black Religions in the New World (1978).

Thurman, Howard. With Head and Heart: The Autobiography of Howard Thurman (1979).

Tobias, Channing. Autobiography. In Thirteen Americans: Their Spiritual Biographies (1953)

Walls, William J. The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church: Reality of the Black Church (1974).

Washington, James M. Conversations with God (1994).

Watts, Jill. God, Harlem U.S.A: The Father Divine Story (1992).

Wippler, Migene Gonzáz. Santeria: The Religion (1982).

Slavery and the Slave Community

Abrahams, Roger, and John Szwed. After Africa: Extracts from British Travel Accounts and Journals of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries Concerning the Slaves, Their Manners, and Customs in the British West Indies (1983).

Allan d. Austin, ed. African Muslims in Antebellum America: A Source Book (1984).

Andrews, William L., and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. The Civitas Anthology of African-American Slave Narratives (1999).

Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts. 6th ed. (1993).

Aptheker, Herbert. Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion (1966).

Beckles, Hilary. Afro-Caribbean Women and Resistance to Slavery in Barbados (1988).

Beckles, Hilary. Black Masculinity in Caribbean Slavery (1996).

Beckles, Hilary. Black Rebellion in Barbados: The Struggle against Slavery, 1627.1838 (1984).

Beckles, Hilary. Natural Rebels: A Social History of Enslaved Black Women in Barbados (1989).

Beckles, Hilary. White Servitude and Black Slavery in Barbados, 1627.1715 (1989).

Beckles, Hilary, ed. Inside Slavery: Process and Legacy in the Caribbean Experience (1996).

Bibb, Henry Walton. Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, an American Slave (1849).

Blanchard, Peter. Slavery and Abolition in Early Republican Peru (1992).

Blassingame, John W., ed. The Frederick Douglass Papers. 4 vols. (1979.1991).

Blassingame, John W. The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South. Rev. ed. (1979).

Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass' Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee (1989)

Bowser, Frederick P. The African Slave in Colonial Peru 1524.1650 (1974).

Brown, Henry. Narrative of Henry Box Brown Who Escaped from Slavery Enclosed in a Box Three Feet Long and Two Wide, with Remarks upon the Remedy for Slavery (1849).

Campbell, Stanley W. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850.1860 (1968).

Cohen, David W., and Jack P. Greene. Neither Slave nor Free: The Freedman of African Descent in the Slaves Societies of the New World (1972).

Conrad, Robert Edgar, ed. Children of God's Fire: A Documentary of Black Slavery. (1983).

Conrad, Robert Edgar. The Destruction of Brazilian Slavery, 1850.1888 (1993).

Craft, William, and Ellen Craft. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; or, The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery (1860; reprint ed., 1991).

Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census (1969).

Davis, Darien J., ed. Slavery and Beyond: The African Impact on Latin America and the Caribbean.

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770.1823. 2d ed. (1998).

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture (1966).

Davis, David Brion. Slavery and Human Progress (1984).

Dillon, Merton L. Benjamin Lundy and the Struggle for Negro Freedom (1966).

Drescher, Seymour, and Stanley L. Engerman, eds. A Historical Guide to World Slavery (1998).

Ehrlich, Walter. They Have No Rights: Dred Scott's Struggle for Freedom (1979).

Farrison, William Edward. William Wells Brown: Author and Reformer (1969).

Fehrenbacher, Don E. The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics (1978).

Fields, Barbara Jeanne. Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland during the Nineteenth Century (1985).

Fogel, Robert W. Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery (1989).

Frey, Sylvia. Water from the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age (1991).

Gaspar, David Barry. Bondmen and Rebels: A Study of Master-Slave Relations in Antigua (1985).

Genovese, Eugene D. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (1974).

Gutman, Herbert G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750.1925 (1976).

Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself. Edited by Jean Pagan Yellin (1987)

Jones, Howard. Mutiny on the Amistad: The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law and Diplomacy (1987).

Joyner, Charles. Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community (1989).

Katz, Jonathan. Resistance at Christiana: The Fugitive Slave Rebellion, Christiana, Pennsylvania, September 11, 1851: A Documentary Account (1974).

Keckley, Elizabeth. Behind the Scenes; or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House (1968).

Kiple, Kenneth F. The Caribbean Slave: A Biological History (1984).

Klein, Herbert S. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean (1986).

Klein, Herbert S. The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade (1978).

Klein, Herbert S. Slavery in the Americas: A Comparative Study of Virginia and Cuba (1967).

Knight, Franklin. The African Dimension in Latin American Societies (1974).

Knight, Franklin. Slavery and the Transformation of Society in Cuba, 1511.1760: From Settler Society to Slave Society (1988).

Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery, 1619.1877 (1993).

Lapp, Rudolph M. Blacks in Gold Rush California (1977)

Locke, Mary. Anti-Slavery in America from the Introduction of African Slaves to the Prohibition of the Slave Trade (1619.1808) (1901).

Lofton, John. Denmark Vesey's Revolt: The Slave Plot That Lit a Fuse to Fort Sumter (1983).

Mattoso, Katia M. de Queiros. To Be a Slave in Brazil, 1550.1888. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer (1994)

McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass (1991).

Miller, Randall M., and John David Smith, eds. Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. 2d ed. (1997).

Morgan, Philip D. Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry (1998).

Noonan, John T. The Antelope: The Ordeal of the Recaptured Africans in the Administrations of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams (1977).

Northrup, Solomon. Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northrup, a Citizen of New York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853, from a Cotton Plantation near the Red River, in Louisiana (1853).

Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion (1975).

Oates, Stephen B. To Purge This Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown. 2d ed. (1984).

Palmer, Colin. Slaves of the White God: Blacks in Mexico, 1570.1650 (1976).

Pease, Jane H., and William H. Pease. They Who Would Be Free: Blacks' Search for Freedom, 1830.1861 (1974).

Rawley, James A. The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History (1981).

Robinson, Donald. Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765.1820 (1971).

Rose, Willie Lee, ed. A Documentary History of Slavery in North America (1976).

Russell Wood, A. J.R. The Black Man in Slavery and Freedom in Colonial Brazil (1982).

Saunders, A. C. A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal (1441.1555) (1982).

Sharp, William Frederick. Slavery on the Spanish Frontier: The Colombian Choco, 1680.1810 (1976).

Solow, Barbara L., ed. Slavery and the Rise of the Atlantic System (1991).

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-bellum South (1956).

Still, William. The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letters, c., Narrating the Hardships, Hair-breadth Escapes, and Death Struggles of the Slaves in Their Efforts for Freedom, as Related by Themselves and Others or Witnessed by the Author: Together with Sketches of Some of the Largest Stockholders and Most Liberal Aiders and Advisers of the Road (1872).

Stuckey, Sterling. Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America (1987).

Tibbles, Anthony, ed. Transatlantic Slavery: Against Human Dignity (1994).

Toplin, Robert Brent. The Abolition of Slavery in Brazil (1972).

Trexler, Harrison. Slavery in Missouri, 1804.1865 (1914).

Truth, Sojourner, and Olive Gilbert. Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850).

Turner, Mary. From Chattel Slaves to Wage Slaves: The Dynamics of Labour Bargaining in the Americas (1995).

Turner, Mary. Slaves and Missionaries: The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society (1982).

Washington, Booker T. Up From Slavery (1901).

Watson, Alan. Slave Law in the Americas (1989).

Williams, Eric. Capitalism and Slavery (1944; reprint ed., 1994).

Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion (1974).

Social Conditions

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. Rabat: Urban Apartheid in Morocco (1980).

Barfield, Thomas J. The Nomadic Alternative (1993).

Beckwourth, James P. The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth, Mountaineer, Scout and Pioneer and Chief of the Crow Nation of Indians. Edited by T. D. Banner (1965).

Bloch, Herman D. The Circle of Discrimination: An Economic and Social Study of the Black Man in New York (1969).

Bristow, Peggy, et al. We're Rooted Here and They Can't Pull Us Up: Essays in African Canadian Women's History (1994).

Brown, Claude. Manchild in the Promised Land (1965).

Caminha, Adolfo. The Black Man and the Cabin Boy. Translated by E. Lacey (1982).

Connolly, Harold X. A Ghetto Grows in Brooklyn (1977).

Curry, Leonard P. The Free Black in Urban America, 1800.1850: The Shadow of the Dream (1981).

Daniel, Walter C. Afro-American Journals, 1827.1980: A Reference Book (1982).

Davis, Charles T., and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. The Slave's Narrative (1985).

Derricotte, Toi. The Black Notebooks: An Interior Journey (1997).

Durham, Philip, and Everett L. Jones. The Negro Cowboys (1965).

Gatewood, Willard B. Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880.1920 (1990).

Girvan, Norman. Poverty, Empowerment and Social Development in the Caribbean (1997).

Henderson, Alexa Benson. Atlanta Life Insurance Company: Guardian of Black Economic Dignity (1990).

Lawrence, Elizabeth A. Rodeo: An Anthropologist Looks at the Wild and the Tame (1982).

Levine, Donald N. Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multi-Ethnic Society (1974).

Levine, Robert M., and Jos Carlos Sebe Bom Meihy. The Life and Death of Carolina Maria de Jesus (1995).

Litwack, Leon F. Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery (1979).

Litwack, Leon F. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow (1998).

Markowitz, Gerald E., and David Rosner. Children, Race, and Power: Kenneth and Mamie Clark's Northside Center (1996).

Ottley, Roi. The Lonely Warrior: The Life and Time of Robert S. Abbott (1955).

Ottley, Roi and William Weatherby, eds. The Negro in New York: An Informal Social History (1967).

Patterson, James T. America's Struggle Against Poverty, 1900.1994 (1994).

Pino, Julio Cesar. Family and Favela: The Reproduction of Poverty in Rio de Janeiro (1997).

Rainwater, Lee. Behind Ghetto Walls: Black Families in a Federal Slum (1970).

Reid, Ira De Augustine. The Negro Immigrant: His Background, Characteristics, and Social Adjustment, 1899.1937 (1939).

Tarry, Ellen. The Other Toussaint: A Modern Biography of Pierre Toussaint, a Post-Revolutionary Black (1981).

Vestal, Stanley. Mountain Men (1937).

Whitten, Norman. Black Frontiersmen: A South American Case (1974).

Whitten, Norman, ed. Cultural Transformations and Ethnicity in Modern Ecuador (1981).

Wilson, William Julius. When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor (1996).

Society and Culture

Abrahams, Roger D. Deep Down in the Jungle: Negro Narrative Folklore from the Streets of Philadelphia (1964).

Abrahams, Roger D. Singing the Master: The Emergence of African-American Culture in the Plantation South (1992).

Abrahams, Roger D. Talking Black (1976).

Adjaye, Joseph K., and Adrianne R. Andrews, eds. Language, Rhythm, and Sound: Black Popular Cultures into the Twenty-first Century (1997).

Cassidy, Frederic G. Jamaica Talk: Three Hundred Years of the English Language in Jamaica (1961).

Dance, Daryl C. Shuckin' and Jivin': Folklore from Contemporary Black Americans (1978).

Dates, Jannette L., and William Barlow, eds. Split Image: African-Americans in the Mass Media (1990).

Dynes, Wayne R., ed. Encyclopedia of Homosexuality (1990).

Edelman, Marian Wright. The Measure of Our Success: A Letter to My Children and Yours (1992).

Ewers, Traute. The Origin of American Black English: Be-Forms in the HOODOO Texts (1996).

Ferguson, Sheila. Soul Food: Classic Cuisine from the Deep South (1989).

Harris, Jessica B. Iron Pots and Wooden Spoons: Africa's Gifts to New World Cooking (1989).

Holloway, Joseph E., ed. Africanisms in American Culture (1990).

hooks, bell, Black Is a Woman's Color. In Bearing Witness: Selections from African-American Autobiography in the Twentieth Century. Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1991).

Huggins, Nathan Irvin. Harlem Renaissance (1971).

Hunter-Gault, Charlayne. In My Place (1992).

Karenga, Maulana. The African-American Holiday of Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community, and Culture (1988).

Karenga, Maulana. Introduction to Black Studies. 2d ed. (1993).

Kitwana, Bakari. The Rap on Gangsta Rap: Who Run It? Gangsta Rap and Visions of Black Violence (1994).

Labov, William. Language in the Inner City: Studies in the Black English Vernacular (1972).

Levine, Lawrence W. Black Culture and Black Consciousness (1977).

Minnick-Taylor, Kathleen, and Charles Taylor II. Kwanzaa: How to Celebrate It in Your Own Home (1994).

Newman, Richard. Words Like Freedom: Essays on African-American Culture and History (1996).

Newman, Richard, comp. Black Access: A Bibliography of Afro-American Bibliographies (1984).

Secretan, Thierry. Going into Darkness: Fantastic Coffins from Africa (1995).

Stevens, Phillips, Jr. .Magic. and .Sorcery and Witchcraft.. In Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology. Edited by Melvin Ember and David Levinson (1996).

Wilson, Charles Reagan, and William Ferris, eds. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (1989).

Woods, Sylvia. Sylvia's Soul Food: Recipes from Harlem's World Famous Restaurant (1992).


Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem, with Mignon McCarthy. Kareem (1990).

Angell, Roger. The Summer Game (1972).

Ashe, Arthur. Days of Grace: A Memoir (1993).

Ashe, Arthur. A Hard Road to Glory: A History of the African-American Athlete (1988).

Berger, Phil. Blood Season: Tyson and the World of Boxing (1989).

Chamberlain, Wilt. The View From Above (1991).

Davis, Michael D. Black American Women in Olympic Track and Field: A Complete Illustrated Reference (1992).

Fleischer, Nat. Black Dynamite: The Story of the Negro in the Prize Ring from 1782 to 1838 (1938).

Frazier, Joe, and Phil Berger. Smokin' Joe: The Autobiography of a Heavyweight Champion of the World, Smokin' Joe Frazier (1996).

Galeano, Eduardo. Football in Sun and Shadow (1998).

George, Nelson. Elevating the Game: Black Men and Basketball (1992).

Gibson, Bob. From Ghetto to Glory: The Story of Bob Gibson (1968).

Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto. The Pride of Havana: The History of Cuban Baseball (1999).

Green, Tim. The Dark Side of the Game: The Unauthorized NFL Playbook (1996).

Gutman, Bill. The Harlem Globetrotters (1977).

Heller, Peter. Bad Intentions: The Mike Tyson Story (1989).

Holyfield, Evander, and Bernard Holyfield. Holyfield: The Humble Warrior (1996).

Hurd, Michael. Black College Football, 1892.1992: One Hundred Years of History, Education, and Pride (1993).

Jackson, Reginald, with Mike Lupica. Reggie (1984).

Johnson, Cecil. Guts: Legendary Black Rodeo Cowboy Bill Pickett (1994).

Klapisch, Bob. High and Tight: The Rise and Fall of Dwight Gooden and Darryl Strawberry (1996).

Libby, Bill. Goliath: The Wilt Chamberlain Story (1977).

Lopes, Jose Sergio Leite. Successes and Contradictions in .Multiracial. Brazilian Football. In: Entering the Field: New Perspectives on World Football. Edited by Gary Armstrong and Richard Giulianotti(1997).

Lovett, Charles C. Olympic Marathon: A Centennial History of the Games' Most Storied Race (1997).

Maltby, Marc S. The Origins and Early Development of Professional Football (1997).

Mason, Tony. Passion of the People? Football in South America (1995).

Musick, Phil. Reflections on Roberto (1994).

Neft, David S. The Football Encyclopedia: The Complete History of Professional NFL Football, from 1892 to the Present (1991).

Peterson, Robert. Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-black Professional Teams (1992).

Plowden, Martha Ward. Olympic Black Women (1996).

Porter, David L., ed. Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: Basketball and Other Indoor Sports (1989).

Rampersad, Arnold. Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997).

Ribowsky, Mark. Don't Look Back: Satchel Paige and the Shadows of Baseball (1994).

Riley, James A. The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues (1994).

Riley, James A. Dandy, Day and the Devil (1987).

Roberts, Randy. Papa Jack: Jack Johnson and the Era of White Hopes (1983).

Robinson, Jackie, with Alfred Duckett. I Never Had It Made (1972).

Robinson, Ray, and Dave Anderson. Sugar Ray (1969).

Sammons, Jeffrey T. Beyond the Ring: The Role of Boxing in American Society (1988).

Satchel, Leroy. Pitchin' Man: Satchel Paige's Own Story (1992).

Tygiel, Jules. Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy (1983).