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Coffee  

Alice Knox Eaton

or Cuffee slave insurrectionist was the reported leader of the first major slave rebellion in the American colonies His name means son born on a Friday in the Akan language of Gold Coast Africans The Akan known in the era of the slave trade as Coromantees were reputed to resist enslavement with great bravery and ferocity In the early eighteenth century slavery had become an integral part of the economy of New York City with an active slave market and a regular influx of slave labor from Africa As the slave population grew treatment of slaves became increasingly brutal as British colonists attempted to make slave labor as productive in the North as it was in the South Unlike slaves on southern plantations however slaves in New York City lived in densely populated areas and had many more opportunities to meet with one another and plan organized resistance On the ...

Article

Lucas, Bohlen  

Steven J. Niven

slave driver, farmer, and Democratic Party activist was born a slave probably in Washington County Mississippi The names of his parents are not recorded On the eve of the Civil War and only sixteen he was working as a driver of slaves on a Delta plantation a position generally reserved for experienced laborers in their thirties or forties That Lucas achieved such a position at such an early age is suggestive of his willingness to work hard and to both obey and command authority Drivers enjoyed a fair degree of autonomy in their work and occupied a difficult middle position between their fellow slaves and those who owned them but most understood that the needs and desires of their owners came first Though some drivers interceded to protect the slaves from harsh treatment by white overseers or masters a minority abused their position by seeking sexual favors ...

Article

Woolfolk, Austin  

Lois Kerschen

Austin Woolfolk was the most infamous member of his family of slave traders in the minds of the abolitionists of his time, with six or seven of his kin also living in Maryland. Born and reared in Georgia, Woolfolk came to the Baltimore area as a young man in about 1819. Since Woolfolk's business was located in Baltimore, it was natural for Frederick Douglass's owners to use his services. Woolfolk sold Douglass's aunt Maryann and his cousin Betty to southern slaveholders in 1825, the same year that he paid out $22,702 (almost $377,000 in 2005 currency) to Talbot County slave owners for the sale of their human property. Douglass commented in his Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845 that if a slave was convicted of any high misdemeanor became unmanageable or evinced a determination to run away he was brought immediately to ...