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Kazahendike, Urieta  

Heike Becker

the first Herero convert to Christianity, a translator, a teacher, and a midwife, was born in September 1837 as the daughter of Kazahendike and his wife Kariaavihe in Hereroland in what is today central Namibia. Her family was among those Herero who were impoverished and displaced by the conflicts that were ravaging central Namibia in the 1840s (especially those between Jan Jonker Afrikaner and Tjimuhua) and who subsequently gravitated toward the early missions in search of shelter and livelihood. Urieta Kazahendike was about ten or twelve years old when she came to live with German-born missionary Carl Hugo Hahn and his English wife Emma, née Hone, who had arrived in Namibia in 1844. Kazahendike lived with the Hahns first at Otjikango, about 70 kilometers north of Windhoek, which the missionaries called “New Barmen.” In 1855 she followed the Hahn family to Otjimbingwe to the west of Otjikango From ...


Khalil Ibrahim Muhammad  

Caitlyn Bolton

physician and rebel leader of the Justice and Equality Movement in Darfur, Sudan, was born in Tine near the Sudanese border with Chad. He belonged to the Kobe branch of the Zaghawa ethnic group (the Angu clan and Geyla sub-clan) and was a descendent of Zaghawa sultans on both sides of his family.

In the early 1980s Ibrahim studied medicine at the University of Gezira in central Sudan, where he was the leader of the Islamist student movement al-ʿittijah al-ʿislami (the Islamic Orientation), which was affiliated with the Sudanese Muslim Brothers. The Muslim Brothers, led by Dr. Hasan al-Turabi and recast as the National Islamic Front (NIF), covertly participated in the 1989 coup d’état that brought Brigadier ʿUmar al-Bashir into power. Ibrahim supported al-Bashir’s “Salvation Revolution” and was closely involved in the Islamist suppression of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army incursion into Darfur from the south in 1991 He ...