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Nathaniel Friedman

jazz drummer, was born Edward Joseph in New Orleans, Louisiana, to unknown parents. He grew up steeped in his hometown's musical tradition, influenced by two tap‐dancing siblings to take up the drums. New Orleans percussionists like Paul Barbarin were Blackwell's earliest models, making him one of several future avant‐gardists whose roots were in jazz's oldest traditions.

In 1951 Blackwell relocated to Los Angeles, where he played in the rhythm and blues outfits of Plas and Raymond Johnson. More significantly he made the acquaintance the saxophonist Ornette Coleman with whom he would be associated for his entire career Coleman also working with various degrees of success in the Los Angeles rhythm and blues scene sought to introduce an unprecedented degree of melodic harmonic and rhythmic freedom into jazz This new approach required an almost telepathic bond between band members as interaction was governed by little more than improvisational ingenuity In ...

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Scott Yanow

jazz tenor saxophonist, was born in Summit, Missouri, and grew up in Chicago. His parents’ names and occupations are not recorded. He began studying the clarinet when he was 14 under the guidance of the legendary teacher Capt. Walter Dyett at the city's DuSable High School.

Gilmore served in the U.S. Air Force from 1948 to 1952, switching to tenor saxophone so he could play with the Air Force band. After his discharge, he worked with the short-lived Earl Hines Big Band back in Chicago in 1952.

In 1953 Gilmore joined the Sun Ra Arkestra, an association that lasted for 40 years. His relationship with Ra had similarities to altoist Johnny Hodges's situation with Duke Ellington Gilmore was Ra s top soloist no matter what style of music the band was performing He could play hard bop with the best tenors By the mid 1950s ...

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Scott Yanow

jazz drummer and bandleader, was born in Pontiac, Michigan. He was the younger brother of the pianist Hank Jones and the cornetist-arranger Thad Jones, and his parents were Henry and Olivia Jones. Inspired by watching the drummers in circus parades, he was originally self-taught on the drums, starting at a young age. Jones played in his school band and, while serving in the military from 1946 to 1949, he was in an Army band.

A major part of the fertile Detroit jazz scene, Jones played in the house group at the Bluebird Inn during 1949–1952 and worked with many local musicians, including his brother Thad Jones and the tenor saxophonist Billy Mitchell. He also accompanied national artists who were passing through town, such as Miles Davis.

After moving to New York in 1955 Jones auditioned for Benny Goodman s band but did not make it ...