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Chadid, Merieme  

Osire Glacier

Moroccan explorer, professor, and astronomer, was born on 11 October 1969 in Casablanca. Her father was a blacksmith and her mother a housewife who took care of the couple’s seven children. In spite of her humble origins, Chadid decided to be an astronomer at the age of twelve, when her brother Mustapha gave her a book by the famous astronomer Johannes Kepler. Since then, she has pursued her goal one step at a time.

During her adolescent years, Chadid read extensively about the sky, the stars, and the planets. In 1992 she graduated with a master s degree in Physics from the University of Casablanca After graduation Chadid faced a difficult decision leave her family in order to pursue the relevant field of study for her professional objectives at a French university or remain with her family and renounce the opportunity to turn her passion into a profession The ...


Frisby, Herbert  

Elizabeth P. Stewart

Arctic explorer, science teacher, and newspaper correspondent, was born Herbert Milton Frisby in South Baltimore, the oldest of the seven children of Ida Frisby (née Henry) and Joseph S. Frisby, a keeper of grain tallies in the port of Baltimore. Born into poverty, young Herbert Frisby worked his way through school by selling peanuts, working as a butler, and playing jazz piano. He graduated from Baltimore Colored High School in 1908 and earned his BA in Liberal Arts from Howard University in 1912. He received an MA in Education from Columbia University in 1936. Frisby married Annie Russell in 1919; they had one son, H. Russell Frisby Sr.

As a sixth-grader Frisby was inspired by the accomplishments of the explorer Matthew Henson, the first African American to reach the North Pole in 1909 with Admiral Robert E. Peary. When Henson ...


Prince, Nancy Gardner  

Anthony Aiello

Born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, to free parents, Nancy Prince and the details of her life are known largely through her own autobiography, Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince (1850). Nancy Gardner had as many as seven siblings and was the daughter of Thomas Gardner, a seaman from Nantucket who died before Nancy was three months old. Her mother, whose name Prince never gives in her autobiography, was the daughter of Tobias Wornton, or Backus, who was taken from Africa and, though he was a slave, fought at Bunker Hill in the Revolutionary army; Gardner's maternal grandmother, a Native American, was captured and enslaved by English colonists. Gardner's stepfather, Money Vose was her mother s third husband the other two having died He escaped a slave ship by swimming ashore but was later kidnapped and pressed into ship service During the ...


Quaque, Philip  

Edward Andrews

Anglican missionary and educator stationed at Cape Coast (in present-day Ghana) during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, is also referred to as Kweku or Quarco. He was the first African minister ordained in the Church of England. Born into a Fetu family in 1741, Quaque lived near Cape Coast Castle, at the very heart of British slave trade operations in West Africa. His letters to other missionaries throughout the Atlantic world, as well as his numerous reports about missionary activity around the Cape Coast, detail his extraordinary efforts to convert and educate Africans, as well as the many challenges he faced as a black preacher operating at the center of the transatlantic slave trade.

In some ways Quaque s missionary history began in New Jersey Thomas Thompson an Anglican missionary who abandoned his unsuccessful mission in New Jersey in order to try to attempt to spread the ...


Reid, Ira De A.  

Harold Weaver

As a student, Ira De A. Reid earned degrees from three institutions: a B.A. from Morehouse College (1922), an M.A. at the University of Pittsburgh (1925), and a Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia University (1929).

In his role as a sociologist, Reid contributed to an understanding of race relations, adult education, southern Sharecropping, and immigration. Among his six books are Negro Membership in American Labor Unions (1930), Adult Education among Negroes (1936), Sharecroppers All (coauthored with Arthur Raper, 1941), and The Negro Immigrant, posthumously published in 1969. He lectured and advised the U.S. government and such social service agencies as the American Friends Service Committee on education, human resources, youth services, and social security.

In his academic appointments as a professor of sociology Reid was a forerunner in the desegregation of the faculties in Northern ...


Slessor, Mary Mitchell  

Gloria Chuku

Scottish missionary to Nigeria and first female vice consul in the British Empire, was born near Aberdeen, Scotland, on 2 December 1848 to Robert Slessor a shoemaker and his wife Mary a weaver She was the second of seven children Mary s childhood which was marred by poverty uncertainties and family difficulties and tragedies prepared her for the tough and rugged life on the pioneer missionary terrain she later trod in southeastern Nigeria Her father was an alcoholic who always came home drunk Mary and her siblings suffered neglect and abuse from him On some occasions her drunken father threw Mary out into the streets alone at night With his sporadic work habits Mary had to join her mother as a textile mill worker at the age of eleven years She worked part time in order to continue with her schooling and took classes in arithmetic reading and writing ...