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Allen J. Fromherz

was born Elizabeth Tshala Muana Muidikay in the town of Lubumbashi in the Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The second of ten children, her father, Amadeus Mudidikay, was killed in the northeastern Congolese town of Watsa during the 1964 Simba revolt By the age of two Elizabeth had begun to sing while she lived with her mother Alphonsine Bambiwa Tumba at the Kibembe military camp in Lubumbashi Bambiwa Tumba moved the young Muana a play on words given muana also means child in Lingala to the city of Kananga located in the Kasai region of the Congo After completing her primary and secondary education in Kananga in the early 1970s Muana decided to leave the region Apart from the death of her father Muana had also suffered in other ways She had been forced into an arranged marriage and had lost a daughter in infancy Wanting ...

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Allen J. Fromherz

whose name means the one who calls for victory with the help of God, was one of the most influential rulers of the Hafsids, recognized by Mecca as the spiritual leader of the Islamic world, renowned for his military prowess, remarkable building program in medieval Tunis, and his signing of a treaty in 1270 that ended the eighth crusade. His reign made Tunis one of the greatest cities of the Islamic world. He was, to many, one of the most powerful and respected rulers in the Muslim world in the second half of the thirteenth century, a century that saw many calamities for the Dar al Islam (the Abode of Islam). For instance, there was the Mongol invasion and fall of Baghdad, which led to the crushing of the last Abbasid caliph in 1248 and the destruction of Muslim cities throughout the east The origins of the Hafsids however ...

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Eric Gardner

fortune-teller and author, does not appear in public records until 1820, at which time she is listed in the federal census, and nothing definitive is known about her parentage or childhood. A purportedly autobiographical text that introduces one extant copy of Russel's The Complete Fortune Teller and Dream Book claims that she was born in 1745 in the “Fuller nation” three hundred miles southwest of Sierre Leone, taken into slavery, and sold to Virginia planter George Russel after experiencing the horrors of the Middle Passage. In Virginia, the narrative asserts, after great torment, she gained the power of divination and then great fame as a seer, was freed, and raised money to free other slaves.

Though the veracity of this narrative is doubtful for several reasons—for example, the birthplace it gives is in the Atlantic Ocean—it is clear that the title-page attribution of The Complete Fortune Teller ...