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Ha-Mim  

Ness Creighton

prophet among the Madjkasa tribe of Berbers, was born Mann-Allah ibn Hafiz ibn ʿAmr; he was also known as Abu Muhammad. He first began to teach his religious beliefs in approximately 925. His religion appears to have persisted well after his death for an unknown period of time. However, it seems to have disappeared by the beginning of the eleventh century. Ha-Mim was killed in a battle against the Masmuda Berbers, in 927 or 928, just outside of Tangier. His lineage is given as Ha-Mim son of Mann Allah, son of Hariz, son of ʿAmr, son of U-Jeful, son of U-Zerual.

The Madjkasa Berber tribe is one of the Ghomara speaking Berber tribes of the Rif Atlas Mountains Specifically at this time the Madjkasa occupied territory near Tétouan Ghomara is one of the northern Berber languages and the Ghomara tribes have historically occupied an area in what is now northern ...

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Allen J. Fromherz

was the Persian founder of the Ibadhi or Kharijite Rustamid theocracy at Tahart a city in the region now known as Algeria Kharijism arose in North Africa soon after the Arab conquest of North Africa and the conversion of Berbers to Islam Rejecting the aristocracy of Arab tribal lineage and the debasing enslavement of Muslim Berbers the Ibadhi Berbers rallied around the egalitarian ideals of Islam The Berber Kharijites or Ibadhis of North Africa threw off the control of their Arab coreligionists and proclaimed their independence from both the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates in the East The great rebellion of the Berber Kharijite chief Maysara called the vile by Arab chronicles began as early as 740 CE only decades after the campaigns of ʿUqbah ibn Nafiʿ in the 680s The Kharijites successfully repelled various attempts by the Arab Caliphate to regain control eventually establishing two independent Berber dynasties the Yellows ...

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Allen J. Fromherz

charismatic religious reformer, Mahdi, founder of the Almohad movement, is one of the most important but almost the most enigmatic of medieval North Africans. The basic details of the life of Muhammad ibn Tumart were contested within the sources. Estimates of the date of his birth in the Berber, Moroccan village of Igilliz-n-Warghan or Numarkan in the Anti-Atlas Mountains south of the Sus Valley vary between 1078 and 1098. His name, “Tumart,” is Berber. When he was born, his parents proclaimed, “a tumart inu issak ayiwi,” which means, “Oh my joy comes from you child.” Born into a noble line of Berber chiefs or ugallids, and able to claim Arab heritage as a sharif a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad Ibn Tumart s claimed dual identity would help him later in life as he preached a fundamental interpretation of the Arabic Qurʾan to the Berber Masmuda Mountain ...