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After attending Northwestern Normal University in Ada, Ohio, Jesse Edward Moorland enrolled in the theology department of Howard University. Moorland graduated from Howard with a master's degree in 1891 and was ordained a minister in the Congregational Church. In that year he also became secretary of the Colored Branch of the YMCA in Washington, D.C. He moved to Nashville, Tennessee, in 1893 to become pastor of Howard Church. In 1896 he became pastor of Cleveland's Mount Zion Congregational Church. He struggled to make Congregationalism a “practical, muscular Christianity” that directly addressed social needs.

Returning to the YMCA in 1898, Moorland served as administrator and fund-raiser for their Colored Men's Department in Washington, D.C. He raised over $2 million for twenty-nine new YMCA buildings for black communities throughout America. In 1914 Moorland became senior secretary of the YMCA s Colored Men s Department Under his leadership the department ...

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Richard Newman

book collector and religious leader, was born in Coldwater, Ohio, the son of William Edward Mooreland (sic) and Nancy Jane Moore, farmers and members of a black family that had been free for several generations. Raised by his maternal grandparents because of his parents' early deaths, Moorland, an only child, attended Northwestern Normal University in Ada, Ohio, and the theological department of Howard University. In 1886 he married Lucy Corbin Woodson; they had no children. Moorland was ordained to the ministry in the Congregational Church in 1891 and became the organizing pastor of a church in South Boston, Virginia, as well as secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Washington, D.C. From 1893 to 1896 he was minister of Howard Chapel, Nashville, Tennessee, and then went to Mount Zion Congregational Church in Cleveland, Ohio.

A social gospel preacher who believed in working ...