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Marrant, John  

Devona A. Mallory

minister and author, was born in the New York Colony to a family of free blacks. The names and occupations of his parents are not known. When he was four years old his father died. Marrant and his mother moved to Florida and Georgia; subsequently Marrant moved to Charleston, South Carolina, to live with his sister and brother-in-law. He stayed in school until he was eleven years old, becoming an apprentice to a music master for two additional years. During this time he also learned carpentry. His careers in music and carpentry ended in late 1769 or early 1770, when he was converted to Christianity by the famous evangelical minister George Whitefield.

Over the next few years Marrant converted many Native Americans, including members of the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw nations. In 1772 he returned to his family for a short time For the next ...


Montjoy, Zilpah  

Laura M. Chmielewski

convert to Methodism and religious contemplative, was born probably in New York City, of unknown but most likely enslaved parents. All the details of Zilpah Montjoy's life are derived from Abigail Mott's 1826Narratives of Colored Americans, a collection of biographical sketches of prominent and, in Mott's view, exemplary black Christians that includes Richard Allen, Benjamin Banneker, Paul Cuffe, Gustavus Vassa (Olaudah Equiano), and Phillis Wheatley as well as more obscure figures such as Billy and Jenny Poor Pompey and Old Dinah The circumstances surrounding Zilpah Montjoy s birth and parentage are unknown According to her biographer Montjoy spent her early life in domestic slavery in New York City serving masters who invested nothing in her spiritual development beyond calling her by a name that had biblical origins Montjoy was reportedly bound so tightly to her work that throughout her youth she ...


Philip of Mahdiyya  

Allen J. Fromherz

North African born official of the Sicilian court was from Mahdiyya an important port on the eastern coast of Tunisia and was a eunuch and slave and high functionary in the Sicilian court of the Norman king Roger II 1095 1154 Past scholarship speculated that Philip was Greek but recent research has proven North African origins to be most probable Philip spent much of his youth in North Africa He was captured castrated and enslaved early in his life the first decades of the twelfth century Philip is said to have nominally converted from Islam to Christianity after entering the court of the Normans According to some sources sources that may have been biased against him this conversion was never sincere Philip was alleged to have secretly made payments to Islamic charities in North Africa and to have sent ablutions to the Tomb of Muhammad in Medina He also visited ...



Stacey Graham

early North African Christian thinker, was the earliest Christian apologist and theologian to write in Latin. Brought up in a pagan family and given a solid classical education, Tertullian became one of the most outspoken defenders of Christianity after his conversion, writing original and passionate texts on Christian morals and against heretics and nonbelievers. Most significant among them are the Apologeticum, a bitingly sarcastic and yet unassailably logical indictment against imperial policy of arresting and trying Christians, and the Adversus Praxean, a response to a heretic, which articulates the theology of the Trinity for the first time.

Most of the details of his life are unknown; the main source of biographical information is Jerome’s De viris illustribus of the late fourth century According to Jerome Tertullian was born in Carthage to a father who was a proconsular centurion in the Roman army Tertullian converted to Christianity in ...