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André Willis

Benny Andrews creates his art using a wide variety of materials, such as photocopies and stencils. His major contributions include Janitors at Rest (1957), constructed with paper towels and toilet paper; Autobiographical Series (1966), a series of ink drawings depicting black Southern life; Did the Bear Sit under the Tree? (1969), a painting that highlights political and racial conditions; Women I've Known (1976), a collage of spray paint through stencils and folded paper; and Flight (1981), a mural in the Hartman International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.

Born in Madison, Georgia Andrews served four years in the United States Air Force before beginning his formal art training He had shown promising artistic skill at a very young age by drawing cartoons and he developed a deep interest in art Andrews decided to attend the Art Institute of Chicago in Illinois ...


Ramon Bulerin

was born in the town of Carolina, Puerto Rico, on 21 October 1923. She was the fifth of eight children born to Raymundo Orta, a construction worker, and Cecilia Allende, a seamstress who knitted and embroidered by hand. Both from Carolina, they married in 1910. The family’s ancestry in Puerto Rico originated from Loíza, an area dedicated to the production of cassava and sugar by enslaved Africans until slavery’s abolition in 1873, and which continues to have a large Afro–Puerto Rican population.

Cecilia finished elementary and high school in Carolina and took painting classes under the tutelage of Carmelita González Córdoba from age 15 to 18. In 1941 during her college years she studied under the home economics program of the Universidad de Puerto Rico UPR earning an undergraduate degree in science At UPR she also studied painting with the Spanish painter Cristóbal Ruiz and piano ...


Peter Szok

and the most important promoter of Panama’s diablos rojos (red devils), the fantastically painted buses of Colón and Panama City, was born in Panama City on 3 April 1955. He attended school through the sixth grade before dropping out to take up a number of menial jobs. Later he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas and earned a degree in studio art. Despite his training at the academy, Salazar’s instincts were those of an outsider artist, one whose inspiration came less from formal classes and more from older, well-known bus painters such as Teodoro de Jesús “Yoyo” Villarué, Virgilio Teodoro “Billy” Madriñán, and Rubén “El Precolombino” Darío Coya.

Bus art bloomed in the 1940s when thousands of US soldiers were stationed on the isthmus to protect the canal from a potential Axis attack Their presence sparked a period of rapid economic growth and fostered a nightlife rivaling ...


Raul Zamudio

was born on 22 March 1949 in Mexico City, Mexico. Her parents were Rafael Tufiño, a Puerto Rican artist, and Luz Maria Aguirre, a Mexican dancer. After finishing secondary school in Puerto Rico, Tufiño studied from 1967 to 1970 at Mexico City’s prestigious Academy of San Carlos. It was during this time that she met the great Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siquieros, and this eventful encounter would inspire Tufiño to expand her artistic interests to mural production in addition to painting, printmaking, and ceramics. After graduating from the Academy of San Carlos in 1970, she moved to New York City, and the following year she continued her fine art studies at the Art Students League. Tufiño’s formal education culminated in 1983 with an M.S. degree in urban affairs from Hunter College, City University of New York.

Nurtured by her artistic parents and with an immense innate talent Tufiño s ...


Aaron Myers

Charles White was born in Chicago, Illinois to unmarried parents, Ethel Gary and Charles White, Sr., who separated when he was three years old. He was raised by his mother in Chicago. After winning a national pencil sketch contest in 1937, White attended the Art Institute of Chicago for a year, then worked as an artist in the Works Progress Administration during the late 1930s. In 1941, White traveled through the South on a Rosenwald Fellowship. The following year, he moved to New York, New York and studied at the Art Students League.

In 1944, while serving in the Army, White was diagnosed with tuberculosis and was hospitalized for three years. In 1947 he had his first one man show at the ACA Gallery in New York City after which he went to Mexico where he worked for nearly a year at the printmaking workshop ...


Amy Helene Kirschke

artist. Hale Aspacio Woodruff was born in Cairo, Illinois, but spent much of his childhood in Nashville, Tennessee. After graduating from high school he attended the Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis, Indiana. Like many of the Harlem Renaissance artists and indeed other serious American artists of any race, Woodruff traveled to Paris to receive the best training possible. He had the support of many patrons in Indianapolis and served as a correspondent for the Indianapolis Star newspaper, regularly sending home columns about his life in Paris.

Woodruff returned to the United States in 1931, when he was hired by Atlanta University to direct its art department. At Atlanta University, Woodruff was virtually a one-man department, with some help from artists such as Nancy Elizabeth Prophet He was one of a handful of studio art professors in the state of Georgia and also taught at Spelman College and ...


American painter, printmaker, and teacher . He was a leading artist of the Harlem Renaissance ( see African American art §I 2. ) and studied at the John Herron Institute, Indianapolis, the school of the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, and the Académie Scandinave and the Académie Moderne, Paris. He also worked with Henry Ossawa Tanner in Paris (1931) and studied mural painting with Diego Rivera in Mexico City (1936 From the European schools he learnt strong composition and the narrative power of Goya He was concerned to amplify the problems of Black Americans and his murals influenced by Rivera carry sharp commentaries on subjects such as the poor social conditions of his compatriots and forebears in Georgia the Amistad slave uprising and the creation of Talladega College e g the Amistad Murals Talladega College AL In the South Woodruff discovered and ...


Robert Fay

Hale Aspacio Woodruff was born in Cairo, Illinois. He attended public schools in Nashville, Tennessee, where he was raised by his mother. In 1920, he moved to Indianapolis to study art at the John Herron Art Institute, supporting himself with part-time work as a political cartoonist. He developed an interest in African art during this period, which influenced his later work. In 1926 Woodruff won a Harmon Foundation Award to study at the Académie Moderne de la Grande Chaumière in Paris from 1927 to 1931.

Woodruff returned to the United States in 1931 and founded the art department at Atlanta University where he helped to develop a cohesive national African American arts community In addition to teaching Woodruff brought exhibitions to Atlanta University that featured a wide range of past and present African American artists who were often excluded from mainstream art exhibitions To further promote African ...