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Louis Munoz

Augustine of Hippo was born in Tagaste (modern Souk Ahras, Algeria) in 354 and died almost seventy-six years later in Hippo Regius (modern Annaba, Algeria) in 429 on the Mediterranean coast. Only four of his seventy-five years were spent outside Northern Africa. However, those few years would influence considerably his thought and his work.

Augustine s Africa had been part of Rome s empire since the destruction of Carthage five hundred years before his birth The language of business and culture throughout Roman Africa was Latin Yet some distinctly African character continued to mark life in the province Some non Latin speech either the Berber tongue of the desert or Punic which ancient Carthaginians had spoken continued to be heard The dominant religion of Africa had become Christianity a religion opposed to the traditions of old Rome but that could not have spread without the unity that Rome had brought ...


Eric Bennett

One of the most famous theologians of his time, Augustine was raised in a mixed household: his mother was Christian but his father, an official of the Roman empire, was pagan. He spent his early years in what is today called Souk-Ahras, in Algeria Despite the piety of his mother Augustine abandoned Christianity at an early age attracted instead by Manichaeism a system of material dualism that claimed the human soul was like light imprisoned by darkness A precocious learner Augustine considered Christian scripture intellectually crude Inspired by Hortensius a now lost text by Cicero he mastered rhetoric and while still in his teens held a professional chair of rhetoric in Carthage Ever questioning the nature of things Augustine discarded Manichaeism for Academic Skepticism and later Neoplatonism At the age of twnenty eight he left Carthage for the Roman capital of Milan in search of better disciplined students In ...


T. G. Wilfong

Egyptian Christian bishop and writer. Little is known of John of Nikiu’s life, except for references to his career found in the History of the Patriarchs of Egypt, a major historical work compiled by numerous church figures over several centuries. The date of John’s birth is unknown, but it was at some point in the mid- seventh century CE, as he would have served in various monastic capacities before his appointment as bishop sometime before 689.

John was the Monophysite bishop of Nikiu also known as Pshati an ecclesiastical center in the southwest Nile Delta region Monophysitism being the belief that Christ had one nature divine rather than two divine and human John first appears in the historical record as a witness to the death of Monophysite patriarch John of Samanud in 689 and John of Nikiu actively but unsuccessfully attempted to influence the election for the successor patriarch ...


Eric Fournier

Christian bishop. Details on the life of Victor of Vita are known exclusively through his own History of the Persecution in the African Provinces, from both specific sentences in the first person and the level of detail that he presents in different episodes of his account of the Vandal period. Victor was most likely born between c. 440 and 445 CE and originated from the city of Vita in the northern part of the Roman province of Byzacena The first personal memory that he relates is his meeting with the old bishop Valerianus of Avensa sometime after 455 in terms that imply he was not a cleric yet By the end of the Vandal king Gaiseric s reign in January 477 Victor knew an intendant of the palace Saturus and he was in the capital when the Carthaginian clerics were allowed to return from exile probably in ...