(b Washington DC, Jan 27, 1869; d New York, July 19, 1944). American composer and conductor. He revealed musical talent early and at 15 was sent to study the violin at Oberlin College Conservatory, later studying in Germany with Joachim. He returned to the United States in 1889, and in 1890 assumed the directorship of an orchestra supported by his mentor, the famed civic leader Frederick Douglass. Cook’s orchestra toured in the Northeast and possibly to Chicago in 1892. Cook promoted Colored American Day (25 August 1893 part of the World s Columbian Exposition of that year and in all his efforts was determined to bring black American music and musicians to the public eye After the Exposition he returned to New York and attended the National Conservatory studying with John White and its director Dvořák As a classical performer ...
Thomas L. Riis
Will Marion Cook was born in Washington, D.C., the son of John Hartwell Cook, a professor of law at Howard University, and Marion Isabel Lewis, a sewing instructor. He received classical violin training at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music (1884–1887). For approximately the next decade he presumably studied violin and composition with the German violinist Joseph Joachim at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin (1888–1889?), and he continued harmony and counterpoint training under Antonín Dvorák and John White at the National Conservatory of Music in New York City (1893–1895?).
Cook was a prolific composer whose instrumentals and songs were closely related to the craze for cakewalking and two-stepping. His first musical success began with the show Clorindy, the Origin of the Cakewalk (1898), which he originally wrote for the vaudevillian comedians Bert Williams and George Walker although it ...
composer and librettist, was born in Washington, D.C., the son of John Hartwell Cook, a professor of law at Howard University, and Marion Isabel Lewis, a sewing instructor. He received classical violin training at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music (1884–1887). For approximately the next decade he presumably studied violin and composition with the German violinist Joseph Joachim at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin (1888–1889?), and he continued harmony and counterpoint training under Antonín Dvořák and John White at the National Conservatory of Music in New York City (1893–1895?).
Cook was a prolific composer whose instrumentals and songs were closely related to the craze for cakewalking and two-stepping. His first musical success began with the show Clorindy, the Origin of the Cakewalk (1898), which he originally wrote for the vaudevillian comedians Bert Williams and George William Walker although it ...
musician and composer. Born Will Mercer Cook in Washington, D.C., Cook adopted the middle name Marion during his college years. His father was John Cook, the first dean of Howard University Law School, and his mother was Belle Lewis Cook, a graduate of Oberlin College. After his father's death, Cook was partly raised by his grandparents in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where he first heard traditional black music. Around 1886 he went to the Oberlin Conservatory to study violin, and he won a scholarship at the Berlin Music Academy in 1888–1889. In 1894–1895 he studied at the National Conservatory of Music under Antonín Dvořák and John White, gaining advanced skills in harmony.
A man of fiery temperament Cook found that a black person seeking a concert career faced discrimination He had a passionate belief in the ability of his race and the unique value of its musical ...
Shirley Graham Du Bois was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, the oldest of David A. Graham and Etta (Bell) Graham's five children. Growing up, she moved with her family to various locations throughout the United States. As a teenager in Colorado Springs, Colorado, she first met W. E. B. Du Bois when he came to lecture at the local African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME). Soon after high school, she married a local man, Shadrack T. McCanns. The marriage soon ended, leaving her with two small children to support. “In quick succession I knew the glory of motherhood and the pain of deep sorrow,” she wrote later. “For the years immediately following, everything I did … was motivated by my passionate desire to make a good life for my sons.”
The nomadic quality of Graham s early life carried over into her educational experiences and into her later years ...
When Shirley Graham wrote in a 1933Crisis essay, “Black man’s music has become America’s music. It will not die,” she summed up one of her life’s ambitions: to bring to the foreground the many accomplishments of African Americans in every field. One of Graham’s concerns was that African Americans would eventually abandon their spirituals, with their unique rhythms and haunting melodies. In an effort to preserve black music, she became the first African American woman to write and produce an all-black opera, Tom-Toms: An Epic of Music and the Negro (1932). This was just one successful effort in a lifetime devoted to the preservation of black history and culture.
Shirley Lola Graham was born on a farm near Evansville, Indiana, to David Andrew Graham and Etta Bell Graham Graham and her four brothers were encouraged by their father a Methodist missionary to discover black culture ...
Jennifer Jensen Wallach
author, composer, and activist. When Shirley Graham Du Bois was thirteen years old she met the prominent scholar and activist W. E. B. Du Bois. The meeting had a profound impact on her political and personal development, for she eventually married Du Bois in 1951. She became well known as W. E. B. Du Bois's second wife, causing some to overlook her tremendous personal accomplishments.
Shirley Graham was born near Evansville, Indiana, to David Graham and Etta Graham. Her father was an African Methodist Episcopal minister, a career that caused him to move his family to various locations in the United States, including Chicago, Detroit, New Orleans, and Nashville. At his churches Shirley first discovered a love for music, learning to play the organ and piano. She completed high school in Spokane, Washington, and then moved to Seattle, where she married Shadrack T. McCants ...
Vernitta Brothers Tucker
author, composer, playwright, and activist, was born Shirley Lola Graham in Evansville, Indiana, the daughter of David A. Graham, a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and Etta Bell Graham, a homemaker. Graham's father had read many novels to his daughter, including Uncle Tom's Cabin, Les Miserables, Ben Hur, and Quo Vadis?, influencing her to become a voracious reader. His storytelling and commitment to intellectual pursuits strongly influenced Graham's literary development.
Young Graham's early education began in New Orleans, where her exposure to classic literature put her at an advantage over many of her classmates. When she was eight or nine years old, her family moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where she earned her first income writing for the local newspaper. In 1912 she attended Tenth Street High School in Clarksville Tennessee where she distinguished herself as the class poet and ...
and multitalented recipient of the National Academy of Arts and Letters Award for contributions to American literature. Shirley Lola Graham, the only daughter of Etta Bell Graham and Reverend David A. Graham, was born on 11 November 1896 in Indianapolis, Indiana, the oldest of five children. Free-spirited, talented, and ambitious, Graham resisted the shackles of race and gender. She divorced her first husband, worked to support two sons, and established a career for herself at a time when women had only recently gained the right to vote.
In 1926, Graham studied music and French at the Sorbonnne. Although her tenure there predates the Negritude movement, her musical training was enriched by interaction with African and Afro-Caribbean students in Paris. In 1931 she enrolled with advanced standing as a sophomore at Oberlin College in Ohio Her statement of intent there recorded in the college s archives made ...
Robert L. Gale
Graham, Shirley (11 November 1896–27 March 1977), musical composer and director, author, and political activist also known as Shirley Graham Du Bois was born Lola Bell Graham in Indianapolis Indiana the daughter of the Reverend David A Graham an African Methodist Episcopal minister and Etta Bell She accompanied them when her father held pastorates in New Orleans Colorado Springs and Spokane He delighted her with stories about important blacks in American history In his churches she learned to play the piano and the pipe organ and to conduct choirs In 1914 she graduated from high school in Spokane took business school courses and worked in government offices in Spokane and Seattle After she married Shadrach T McCanns in 1921 she gave private music lessons and played the organ in white movie theaters hidden backstage She had two sons Robert and David and was either widowed in 1924 ...
actor, singer, librettist, was born in Columbia, Tennessee, the second child of William Lee and Mary Miller. Various documents and secondary sources suggest possible birth years of 1885 and 1887, but 1886 was the year given by his parents to Federal Census enumerators in 1900. His parents were born in 1863 and 1865, right on the cusp of emancipation and the conclusion of the Civil War. Flournoy's older brother Irvin was born two years before him; two sisters were born later, Juanita and Fuchsia, and a younger brother, Quintard, was born in 1895. All three brothers went into show business.
In 1900 when he was fourteen years old the Miller family lived in a racially and economically mixed area of the South Pittsburg division of Marion County Tennessee with neighbors having occupations ranging from day laborer to doctor and hotel keeper ...
Steven R. Carter
and innovator in the satirical revue and the black musical. Born in Frankfort, Kentucky, George C. Wolfe took his BA in directing from California's Pomona College in 1976. While attending Pomona, he won the regional festival of the American College Theatre Festival in 1975 with a comedy–satire titled Up for Grabs and in 1977 became his region's first repeat winner with Block Party, which centered on the difficulties facing a black male attempting to move beyond the block (literal and figurative) that shaped him. Receiving his MFA in playwriting and musical theater from New York University in 1983, he wrote the libretto for Duke Ellington's music in Queenie Pie, produced at Washington's Kennedy Center in 1986.
While Queenie Pie had a moderate success, Wolfe's main claim to attention and acclaim that year was The Colored Museum a collection of eleven exuberantly inventive exhibits brief ...
Lisa E. Rivo
playwright, theater director and producer, and arts administrator, was born in Frankfort, Kentucky, the third of four children of Costello Wolfe, a clerk at the state department of corrections, and Anna (Lindsey) Wolfe, a teacher who became principal of a private black elementary school, which the Wolfe children attended. George spent the summer before high school in New York City with his mother while she was doing research toward her doctorate in education. There he saw his first professional theater productions, Hello Dolly with Pearl Bailey and a revival of West Side Story. The next summer he went with his mother to Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where he attended a youth theater program, returning to Frankfort with new ambitions and confidence. “If I joined a club and didn't become president, I'd quit the club,” he later boasted (New York Times Magazine ...
George C. Wolfe was born and raised in the racially segregated city of Frankfort, Kentucky, in the 1950s. There he attended a private primary school where his mother was principal. During his high school years, he developed an interest in the theater. He attended college in Frankfort at the historically black Kentucky State University, and then at Pomona College in Claremont, California, where he majored in theater arts. Wolfe received his bachelor's degree in 1976. He moved to New York City in 1979, where he earned a master's degree in dramatic writing and musical theater from New York University in 1983.
Wolfe began his career as a playwright in New York City. Although one of his first works, the musical Paradise! (1985), was panned by critics, Wolfe soon achieved success. The next production of his work, 1986's The Colored Museum won him critical ...