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Thomas E. Carney

jurist and civil rights activist. Judge Nathaniel R. Jones was born in 1926, the son of a steelworker and the grandson of a slave. He grew up on the south side of Youngstown, Ohio, a major steel-producing town during the twentieth century. His mother and J. Maynard Dickerson, a family friend, prominent local attorney, and local NAACP leader, inspired the young Jones to pursue his education. After serving in the U.S. Army Air Force during World War II, he attended Youngstown College (now Youngstown State University), where he received his bachelor's degree in 1951 and his law degree in 1956.

Jones began his legal career as the executive director of the city of Youngstown's Fair Employment Practices Commission. He held that position until 1959, when he went into private practice. He returned to the public sector in 1962 to accept the position of assistant U ...


Peter Fraser

West Indian passenger on board the Empire Windrush. In 1948Vincent Reid arrived in England on the Empire Windrush the youngest West Indian to do so Consequently he became the first member of the post war West Indian migration to experience the school system at first hand Born in Kingston Jamaica he was brought up by adoptive parents who decided to seek work in England He was placed in a secondary modern school in London where he was the only black child being put in the lowest ability class He soon moved to the top form but encountered a teacher who laughed at his accent In his own words he basically stopped going to school because he felt angry and ashamed Having left school without qualifications and unhappy at home he joined the Royal Air Force serving in Malaya at the time of the Emergency A boxer he ...


Patrick E. Bryan

was born in Panama on 19 January 1917 to Jamaican parents, Daniel and Ruby Thompson. However, he received his early education and grew up in the parish of Westmoreland, Jamaica. Later, he attended Mico Teacher Training College in Kingston and became principal of a rural elementary school.

Thompson, personally stung by the antiblack and anti-Semitic views expressed in Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf, was among the numerous Jamaicans who joined the British armed forces during World War II (1939–1945). Arriving in England in June 1941, he joined the Royal Air Force (RAF), which he served with distinction as a flight lieutenant with Bomber Command. Thompson’s marriage to Genevieve Hannah in 1944 produced a son and three daughters. The couple divorced in 1964 and he subsequently married Carol Gascoigne, a musician and medical practitioner.

Returning to Jamaica after the war, he attracted countrywide recognition in 1946 when ...