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smuggler and rebel against Spanish commercial policies in the province of Venezuela in the Viceroyalty of New Granada, lived in Valencia, a city located in northern Venezuela. He was descended from Afro-Americans and indigenous people who lived in the Yaracuy River Valley. Some historians believe that del Rosario was born a slave but escaped and joined runaway slave communities. Other historians believe that he was free, either by birth or through manumission.

In their fight against contraband trade the Spanish Crown established the Compañía Guipuzcoana a trade monopoly that dealt in Venezuelan agricultural products and policed Venezuelan shores These measures awakened the resistance of local landowners and others who benefitted from illegal trade mostly with the Dutch island of Curaçao including Andresote and his band of smugglers These critics accused the Compañía of running the trade monopoly to the detriment of the local community producing a scarcity of goods a ...