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López de Rosario, Andrés (“Andresote”)  

Andrés López de Rosario, known as Andresote, was from Valencia, a city in northern Venezuela. He was descended from Africans and Indians who populated the Yaracuy River valley, which was under the jurisdiction of the city Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto. As a result of the area's economic prosperity, the inhabitants sought autonomy from the Spanish colony of Nueva Segovia. The colonial authorities responded in 1724 by burning more than sixty houses and the church, which had been there since the previous century.

From 1730 to 1733, Andresote led a band of smugglers that operated in the Yaracuy valley, in the coastal strip between Puerto Cabello, in the state of Carabobo, and in Yucacas. He did this in open defiance of the legal monopoly of the Compañía Guipuzcoana, which was formed in 1728 and was given control over the trade in what was then the Province of Venezuela ...


López del Rosario, Andrés “Andresote”  

Nicolás Ocaranza

smuggler and rebel against Spanish commercial policies in the province of Venezuela in the Viceroyalty of New Granada, lived in Valencia, a city located in northern Venezuela. He was descended from Afro-Americans and indigenous people who lived in the Yaracuy River Valley. Some historians believe that del Rosario was born a slave but escaped and joined runaway slave communities. Other historians believe that he was free, either by birth or through manumission.

In their fight against contraband trade the Spanish Crown established the Compañía Guipuzcoana a trade monopoly that dealt in Venezuelan agricultural products and policed Venezuelan shores These measures awakened the resistance of local landowners and others who benefitted from illegal trade mostly with the Dutch island of Curaçao including Andresote and his band of smugglers These critics accused the Compañía of running the trade monopoly to the detriment of the local community producing a scarcity of goods a ...