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Comer, James  

George White

psychiatrist, educational reformer, and author. Born to working-class parents during the Great Depression, James Pierpont Comer became a world-renowned child psychiatrist. He spent his childhood in East Chicago, Indiana, but then traveled to the East Coast and did work at some of America's most prestigious academic institutions. By the early twenty-first century he stood as an intellectual pioneer and an advocate for disadvantaged children.

Comer's parents lacked extensive formal education, and both worked outside the home—his father as a laborer at a steel mill and his mother as a domestic. Yet they created an environment that cultivated self-esteem, confidence, and high academic achievement for James and his siblings. After completing high school in 1952, Comer attended and graduated from Indiana University, but his negative experiences in Bloomington encouraged him to attend medical school elsewhere. He earned his MD in 1960 from Howard University and a ...


Davis Trussell, Elizabeth Bishop  

Elvita Dominique

physician, professor, mental health activist, and Harlem community leader, was born Elizabeth Bishop in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the eldest of the three children of Shelton Hale Bishop and Eloise Carey. Her mother's father, Archibald James Carey Sr., was an influential African Methodist Episcopal (AME) clergyman in Chicago. Her father's father, Hutchens C. Bishop, was the first black graduate of General Theological Seminary in New York City, the oldest seminary of the Episcopal Church. He was also the fourth rector of the important and influential Saint Philip's Episcopal Church in Harlem. Bishop's parents continued their families' tradition of public service. Her father, who received a BA and a doctorate of divinity from Columbia University, succeeded his own father as the fifth rector of Saint Philip's. Her mother was a teacher.

Elizabeth Bishop s interest in psychiatry can be traced to the work of her father He was an ...


Pierce, Chester Middlebrook  

Adebe DeRango-Adem

was born in Glen Cove, New York to Hettie Armstrong Pierce and Samuel R. Pierce, who worked in a country club on Long Island. Both parents were working class migrants from the South. The U.S. Census for 1930 records that three-year-old Chester was living with his father, mother, a newborn brother Burton, and an elder brother, Samuel R. Pierce, Jr., who would later serve as President Ronald Reagan’s Secretary for the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

After completing his education as an honor student at Glen Cove High School, Chester Pierce matriculated at Harvard College earning a Bachelor’s Degree in 1948 and his M D degree from the Harvard Medical School four years later In addition to his strengths as an academic Pierce also proved to be an outstanding athlete starring on the Harvard College football basketball and lacrosse teams Many sources credit Pierce as the first ...