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Judith Imel Van Allen

mohumagadi (queen or queen mother) of the BaNgwato of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana, and Christian leader and teacher. Semane Setlhoko was descended from BaBirwa and BaSeleka from the Tswapong Hills on the edge of the Limpopo valley, subject or vassal peoples of the BaNgwato, the largest, wealthiest, and most powerful of the BaTswana kingdoms. In 1900 she became the fourth wife of Khama III, kgosi (king) of the BaNgwato, despite initial disapproval by many BaNgwato because of her ancestry, which was far from the royal birth customary for the wife of a kgosi. Khama III’s daughter Bessie Ratshosa handpicked Semane as an appropriate mohumagadi to lead BaNgwato women into the modern world because of her achievements as a teacher a committed Christian and a temperance advocate Semane was also beautiful and intelligent as well as youthful and potentially fertile Khama III one of the first baptized Christians ...



Jean Revez

queen of Kush, was a major royal figure of the Napatan Period that ranged from about the seventh until the third century BCE, when ancient Kush (a region covering more or less the actual Sudan) became independent from pharaonic Egypt, which it had previously ruled for more than a century during the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty (c. 760–656 BCE). Nasalsa lived probably at some point near the end of the seventh century BCE, when Napata, a city located just south of the fourth cataract of the Nile River, was the capital of the state.

Nasalsa is known mostly through four major royal stelae that were originally erected in temples of the Nubian god Amun of Napata between the third and fourth cataracts in Upper Nubia These inscriptions are the Enthronement Stela of Anlamani from Kawa known as Kawa VIII and registered in Copenhagen under catalogue number Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek AE I N ...


Jeremy Rich

Congolese political leader, was born with the name Ngassié in the village of Ngabé. She was a twin. Ngassié, which means “beautiful star,” belonged to a noble Téké-speaking family. Her parents agreed to marry her to the aged king of the Téké kingdom of Mbe, Iloo, who acted as a central authority over spiritual forces and collected taxes from various noble families in the Téké plateau as well as the lucrative markets of the Malebo Pool on the Congo River. The marriage took place around 1880 According to oral traditions Ngassié was Iloo s second wife Despite her youth she became a prominent figure among Iloo s councilors Like other Téké monarchs she received a new name upon becoming a queen Ngalifourou which means queen of power in Téké She profited from the military assistance that French colonial officer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza provided Iloo in subjugating dissident noble ...


Karina Hestad Skeie

Christian queen in the Kingdom of Madagascar, was born Ramoma, the daughter of Prince Razakaratrimo from the Imamo province of central Madagascar, and Princess Rafarasoa, the sister of Queen Ranavalona I. As she belonged to the porous political and ethnic group called Merina, she is also called a Merina queen, and the Kingdom of Madagascar the Merina kingdom, to distinguish it from other kingdoms existing earlier and simultaneously elsewhere in Madagascar. It is known that Ramoma had three brothers, and that she learned how to read and write. Sometime in 1845 or 1846 she married her cousin Rakoto (Rakotond Radama), joining her cousin Queen Rasoherina (born Princess Rabodo) as one of his wives. Upon his mother Queen Ranavalona I’s death in 1861, Rakoto ascended the throne as King Radama II. At the time, Ramoma’s eldest brother, Ramboasalama, was Radama II’s rival to the throne.

After Radama II s assassination ...


Pier M. Larson

Malagasy queen, was the niece of Queen Ranavalona I, of the empire of Imerina (Madagascar). Born Rabodozanakandriana (Rabodo for short), she was married to Radama II (Queen Ranavalona’s son) well before 1861. Radama II was executed early on 12 May 1863 on the orders of the Andafiavaratra family which controlled the kingdom s army and bureaucracy The Andafiavaratra family represented by the brothers Rainivoninahitriniony and Rainilaiarivony prime minister and commander in chief of the kingdom respectively in 1863 promised to make Rabodo queen only if she agreed to sign a set of principles limiting royal power These included a provision that Rabodo would consult with them and other courtiers before making decisions of any significance Having signed the agreement Rabodo was proclaimed Queen Rasoherina on the day of Radama s death What struck some foreign observers as the germs of constitutional Government in the magna charta signed by ...