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Duane W. Roller

ruler of a portion of Numidia 118 112 bce was the son of King Micipsa of Numidia When his father died in 118 BCE he was named joint heir with his brother Hiempsal I and cousin Jugurtha who had served under Roman command in Spain with the latter who was older as primary heir The Romans already involved in the affairs of Numidia the territory south and west of Carthage saw this arrangement as the potential disaster that it was and at first adopted a hands off policy Animosity between the three heirs which may have predated Micipsa s death erupted almost immediately Hiempsal was soon eliminated by Jugurtha and Adherbal promptly fled to Rome He and Jugurtha entered into a competition as to who could spread money more lavishly around the city and both were invited to address the Senate Adherbal emphasized his character and his cousin s deficiencies ...


Betty Sibongile Dlamini

prince and prime minister of Swaziland, was born in 1914 at Nkhungwini area in the Shiselweni region of Swaziland. A great-grandson of King Sobhuza I, he was the son of Prince Majozi Ndzabankhulu Dlamini. Makhosini Dlamini received his primary education at Bulunga Mission and graduated from Matsapha Swazi National High School. He obtained his teaching qualification from Umphulo Training Institute in Natal and served as a teacher between 1939 and 1949 in schools including Bethel Mission School, Franson Memorial Bible School, Lobamba National School, and Matsapha Swazi National High School. In some of these schools he served as head teacher and he was a pioneer and founder member of the Swaziland National Association of Teachers (SNAT). In 1943 he was elected secretary general of SNAT. As a teacher he loved singing and conducting choirs.

In 1949 he left teaching and served as a development officer in the Shiselweni region ...


Jonathon L. Earle

prince of Buganda, and titular head of the Muslim community in Uganda, was born around 1835, a son of Kabaka Ssuuna Kalema Kansinge II (r. c. 1830–1857). Born Omulangira (prince) Ssimbwa Ssempebwa, Mbogo’s mother was Kubina, a member of the Fumbe (Civet Cat) clan. However, at an early age, Mbogo was entrusted to the care of Muganzirwazza, mother of Kabaka Walugembe Mukaabya Muteesa I (1838–1884, invested 1857). Muteesa and Mbogo were raised together under her care. Following Ssuuna’s death, Muganzirwazza had the overwhelming majority of the princes executed, a practice not unheard of by queen mothers in earlier Ganda history. Upon learning of the planned execution of Mbogo, the new king petitioned his mother, resulting in Mbogo’s release.

According to Emin Pasha s diary Islam first reached the courts of Buganda in the person of Sheikh Ahmed bin Ibrahim a Zanzibari trader whose family migrated from Oman during ...


Christopher Fyfe

Student, born the son of Bureh, regent (Nengbana) of the Koya Temne of Sierre Leone, who in 1791 granted land for a settlement to an agent of the London‐based Sierra Leone Company (who mistakenly called him King Naimbana). Aged about 24, he went to England for education at the Company's expense. The directors welcomed ‘the Black Prince’ enthusiastically, particularly Henry Thornton, the chairman, and Granville Sharp, the originator of the settlement project, from whom he took new names and became Henry Granville Naimbana. They saw in him a means of fulfilling their mission to introduce ‘the Blessings of Civilization and Industry’ into Africa.

Described as easy manly and confident in deportment pettish and implacable in disposition and with a great thirst for knowledge he proved an excellent student A surviving letter he wrote is lucidly expressed and well written Thornton recorded anecdotes of his reactions to life ...


a prince known in Europe as the Catholic Bishop Dom Henriques, was the son of King Afonso I of the Kongo kingdom in West Central Africa. He is renowned as the first West-Central African to become a bishop in the Catholic Church, in 1518. He was educated in theology in at the monastery of Santo Elói in Lisbon, Portugal. As the son of the Kongolese king who had converted to Christianity, Prince Ndoadidiki was raised as a Catholic in the Kongo and epitomized the acculturation of one major West African royal family into Catholic Portuguese culture. Like a few other Christian Kongolese princes before him, Prince Ndoadidiki went to Portugal to attend school. While there, he received a knighthood and the title “Dom,” signifying a Portuguese nobleman.

Kongo was the only West Central African kingdom that Portugal converted to Christianity during their first century in that part of the ...


Christine Deslaurier

Burundian prince and anticolonial leader, was born on 10 January 1932 in Gitega (Kitega at the time) in the center of the country. Eldest son of the mwami (king), Mwambutsa Bangiricenge, who reigned from 1915 to 1966, and his first wife, Thérèse Kanyonga (divorced in 1946), a Mututsi of the Basine clan, he belonged by paternal ascent to the Baganwa category, including all Burundian dynastic lineages, which the colonizers often and erroneously assimilated with the Batutsi. The matrimonial alliances and complex allegiances that structure Burundian royalty linked him to a great number of chiefs, both “traditional” or “modernized” and representatives that constituted the political elite under Belgian colonization.

After having followed, from age 6 to 12, primary studies in different Catholic schools (Bukeye, Kanyinya, Gitega), Prince Rwagasore attended from 1945 to 1952 the Groupe Scolaire of Astrida now Butare in Rwanda which at the time was an elite ...


Eric Young

Louis Rwagasore is perhaps the most prominent personification of national reconciliation as well as the tragedy of Burundi His legitimacy as a nationalist leader representing all Burundians was well founded The eldest son of King Mwambutsa IV Rwagasore belonged to the Batare dynasty of the predominantly Tutsi ganwa the aristocracy that had historically dominated Burundi s social hierarchy But his father s clan the Bambutsa had remained outside colonial era disputes between the Batare and the Bezi and Rwagasore was equally uninterested in provincial rivalries In the 1950s he studied politics and administration at the Institut Universitaire des Territories d Outre Mer in Antwerp Belgium and when he returned to Burundi his father gave him a chiefdom in the Butanyerera district to administer Ambitious he became active in advising UPRONA the leading nationalist party of Urundi at its inception His royal lineage also gave legitimacy to UPRONA and he pushed ...


Sheldon Cheek

enslaved West African prince whose celebrated story took place within the context of the intense rivalry between England and France for the lucrative African slave trade. The young African became a kind of pawn of the commercial interests of these two nations along the Gold Coast in West Africa (present-day Ghana). His life enters the arc of the western imagination briefly, for only several years, before returning to the relative obscurity of his origins. Nuanced by the irony that the son of a slave trader had himself been enslaved, Sessarakoo’s story gives a fuller idea of the complexities of the slave trade in Africa.

Sessarakoo was born to a wealthy Fante ruler (ohinne John Bannishee Corrantee Corrantee controlled the area around Annamboe now Anomabu on the coast between Accra and Sekondi and from this position engaged in a lucrative trade in slaves and gold Sessarakoo grew up in ...


Wolbert Smidt

ruler of the independent northern Ethiopian princedoms of Tigray and Semén and a claimant to the Ethiopian throne during the “Era of the Princes,” held the title dejjazmach (roughly corresponding to “general” or “duke”). An alternative scientific transliteration of his name in the Gi’iz script is Wibe Haylä Maryam; his name is also given in European sources as “Ubie.”

Wubé s family originated from the Semén Mountains His father Hayle Maryam son of Gebre was the governor of Semén and belonged to the Orthodox Christian Amhara his family was intermarried with Agew Wubé was among the most powerful and important figures of the late Era of the Princes the period during which the Ethiopian kingdom had disintegrated into several independent princedoms The aim of most competing great lords of that period was the submission of all the other princes and the reestablishment of a strong empire Some tried to rule ...


M. W. Daly

Sudanese merchant prince, was a Jaʾli Arab born at al-Jayli on the right bank of the main Nile about 25 miles (40 kilometers) north of Khartoum. He rose to prominence as a trader and virtually independent ruler in the hinterlands of Egypt’s African empire in the 1860s–1870s.

Although the northern Sudanese had engaged in long-distance trade before the Turco-Egyptian conquest of 1820–1821 the colonial regime s policies especially of taxing agriculture drove many young men from the land and into commerce Of these al Zubayr emerged as the most famous and formidable accompanying indeed preceding the Egyptian flag into the Bahr al Ghazal and beyond to dominate the trade in ivory and slaves Egypt prompted by Europe and increasingly employing European agents was never able to suppress the slave trade which matched demand from northern Sudan Egypt and beyond with supply from as far as central Africa Al Zubayr ...