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Faustin Elie Soulouque was elected president of Haiti by the National Assembly, under the belief that he could be easily manipulated. On the contrary, Soulouque established a strong and repressive regime. In 1849 he unsuccessfully attempted an invasion of the neighboring Dominican Republic which had won its independence from ...


Bahru Zewde

emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1855–1868), was born about 1820 in the northwestern Ethiopian frontier district of Qwara. Until he assumed his throne name of Tewodros in 1855, he was known as Kasa Haylu. At the time of his birth, Ethiopia was going through a turbulent phase of its history, known as the Zamana Masafent (“Era of the Princes”), when regional lords held political sway and the emperors led a shadowy existence in the imperial capital, Gondar. In many ways a product of the Zamana Masafent, Kasa ultimately proved to be its antithesis.

Qwara provided Kasa with the political base that eventually catapulted him to imperial power From his half brother Kenfu Haylu he inherited the border skirmishes with the Egyptians who were then expanding into the Sudan and its borderlands But in contrast to Kenfu who dealt a decisive blow to the Egyptians at the Battle of Wad ...


Tsegay Berhe Gebrelibanos

emperor of Ethiopia (1872–1889), was the coronation name for the former Dejazmach (military commander) Kassa otherwise Abba bazbez. Kassa was the son of Mercha, who was the Shum (governor) of Temben, and Weyzero (dame) Silas Dimtsu. At his birth, he had the advantage of uniting the rival princely houses of Tigray of the preceding century; including Ras Mikael Sehul of Adwa, Ras Welde Selassie of Enderta, and Dejazmach Subagadis of Agame. In 1864–1865, Kassa went with his brothers, Gugsa and Maru, to the court of the then Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II (r. 1855–1868). Gugsa was given the title of dejazmach and Kassa that of the lower office of balambaras. Both brothers were given jurisdictions over eastern Tigrayan districts.

In 1865 1866 Kassa openly rebelled against Tewodros and controlled most of Tigray by defeating the central government s appointees In the years 1867 1868 he cooperated with the British expeditionary ...