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Chad Morgan

Calhoun did more than anyone else to chart the Slave South's increasingly defiant course from the 1830s onward; the trajectory of his career closely mirrors that of his region. Born into a family of ardent patriots and Revolutionary War veterans, Calhoun's early nationalism steadily gave way to the need to construct ever-moreelaborate defenses of the South's slave society. Ironically, in doing more than perhaps any other individual to set the stage for the Civil War, this “father of secession” and unapologetic slaveholder became a great practical force in the bringing about of Emancipation.

John Caldwell Calhoun was born just outside the town of Abbeville in the South Carolina Upcountry. After studying at Yale and then the Litchfield Law School, Calhoun began his meteoric rise to political prominence with a promising stint in the South Carolina state legislature. In 1811 he married his cousin Floride Bonneau Colhoun [sic a Lowcountry ...


Aaron Myers

Gregorio Luperón grew up in the rural area of Jamao, Dominican Republic, where as an adolescent he worked as a woodcutter. His early intellectual development was fostered by a man named Don Pedro Eduardo Dubocq, who tutored him and gave him access to his small library. At the age of eighteen, he began working as an auxiliary commander at the military base Puesto Cantonal de Rincón. In 1861Spain annexed the Dominican Republic and in protest Luperón moved to the United States. He soon returned to the Dominican Republic and enlisted in the War of Restoration. After serving as a general of one of the provincial regiments, Luperón accepted a position as vice president of the Central Government (1864–1865).

After the restoration of the Republic in 1865, Luperón continued to serve as both soldier and statesman. In 1876 he accepted a post as a ...