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Mayda Grano de Oro

José Celso Barbosa played a key role in the politics of the Spanish-American War, denouncing the Creoles' political aspirations. At the same time, his involvement reflected the complexities and contradictions in race issues confronted by black Puerto Ricans at the time. Barbosa's achievements were not typical of blacks in Puerto Rico at the turn of the century. He represented the “self-made man” that came from humble origins. He had the opportunity to study at the only institution of secondary education on the island, thanks to the determination of his aunt. He completed his studies in the Jesuit seminary before going to the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor, where he graduated in 1880. His experience in the United States made him an admirer of republican ideals for social equality and justice.

When Barbosa returned to Puerto Rico he started his medical practice and became a member ...

Article

Aneesa A. Baboolal

was born, illegitimate, in Cedros, located on Trinidad’s southwestern peninsula, in November 1867. (Some scholars, including Selwyn Cudjoe [2013], name Dr. St. Luce Philip as the first legislator of African lineage, in 1838.) In 1882 David was admitted to the Queen’s Royal College in Port of Spain. He won an Island Scholarship in 1885 (becoming the first Afro-Trinidadian to do so), studied law at Gray’s Inn (London) in 1886, and was admitted to the Bar in July 1889. He then began to practice in Trinidad.

David opposed the Crown Colony government, and as secretary of the Reform Committee (1892–1895), he advocated for the addition of elected members to the Legislative Council (members at the time were nominated by officials or selected by the governor). This change did not occur until 1924 however after his death David was also nominated to a Legislative ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

Congolese (Brazzaville) politician, was born on 12 January 1915 in the town of N’Gaya-Binda in the Kouilou coastal region of Congo-Brazzaville near Pointe-Noire to a Vili-speaking family. Like many other Vili boys of his generation, he attended the Catholic mission of Loango. At fifteen, he found work on the newly created Congo-Océan Railway that connected the Congolese port of Point-Noire to the federation capital of Brazzaville. From 1930 to 1936, Tchitchelle continued to work on the railway. In 1936 he became the stationmaster of Pointe Noire despite being only twenty one years of age By World War II Tchitchelle found work as a clerk for the large Compagnie Française de l Afrique Occidentale He became drawn to the embryonic trade union movement in Congo Brazzaville as well as the cause of reform promoted by his older Vili political mentor Jean Félix Tchicaya His brilliant oratory and espousal of ...

Article

Richard A. Bradshaw

journalist, politician, and female rights activist in the French colony of Ubangi-Shari in French Equatorial Africa (now the Central African Republic), was born at Ouesso, Middle Congo (Republic of the Congo [Brazzaville]), on 27 August 1906 to a Congolese mother and a European father who was an agent and then director of the Compagnie des Sultanats du Haut-Oubangui, a French concessionary company in the upper Ubangi region of Ubangi-Shari. After growing up in Bangassou, where the headquarters of the Compagnie des Sultanats was located, Jane was educated in Paris and became a journalist for the news agency Opéra Mundi.

While in France in 1940, Vialle joined the underground Résistance movement at Marseille; in 1943 she was arrested and sent to a concentration camp and then to a prison from which she managed to escape Her heroism earned her the Medal of the Résistance After the Liberation of France ...