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Brown, Josephine  

Eric Gardner

author and educator, was born in Buffalo, New York, to abolitionist and author William Wells Brown and Elizabeth Schooner. The small family moved to Farmington, New York, in 1845. Her father, soon-to-be famous as the author of a successful slave narrative and an abolitionist lecturer, separated from her mother soon after, and moved to Boston with Josephine and her older sister Clarissa. Elizabeth Brown reportedly died in January 1851. During the years surrounding the 1847 publication of Brown's Narrative and his 1849 journey to Europe (after refusing to have his freedom purchased), the sisters stayed in New Bedford with the family of local activist Nathan Johnson (a friend of Frederick Douglass) and attended school.

Josephine and Clarissa went to London to join their father in June 1851 aboard the steamer America under the care of Reverend Charles Spear a journey they shared with ...


Ibn al-Qifti  

John Alden Williams

Egyptian Arab scholar, writer, patron, and administrator under the Ayyubid rulers of Aleppo, was born Jamal al-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim ibn Abd al-Wahid al-Shaybani to a judge’s family in Qift in Upper Egypt, the town on the Nile nearest to the Red Sea, and thus on the most convenient route from Egypt to the two holy cities of Arabia for those going on the Hajj in that era.

There is ambiguity in the sources for his biography that may be due to the gratitude of the encyclopedic biographer and geographer Yaqut al Rumi or al Hamawi whose patron Ibn al Qifti became near the end of Yaqut s life Ibn al Qifti s maternal grandmother was an Abyssinian slave girl This was not a distinguished pedigree and typically such a woman would have been a slave concubine The chronicler Yaqut reports improbably that she was raised ...



Eric Fournier

was a Christian bishop and biographer of Augustine of Hippo. What we know about Possidius comes mainly from his own Life of Augustine. A few of Augustine’s own Letters (91, 101, 104, 137, 245, and 23*A) and the notice of Prosper’s Chronicle (Epitoma Chronicon for the year 437 CE provide additional details With such meager sources it is not surprising that we ignore the exact date and location of his birth although it is likely that he was born in the vicinity of Hippo Regius between 360 and 370 This supposition comes from the fact that Possidius is first securely attested in 391 as a companion of Augustine in the latter s newly established monastery of Hippo By Possidius own admission this was the beginning of a close friendship that lasted the better part of four decades There the brightest young promising Christian men of North Africa ...