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Lattimore, John Aaron Cicero  

Eugene H. Conner

physician and civil rights activist, was born near Shelby, Cleveland County, North Carolina, the son of John Carpenter Lattimore and Marcella Hambrick, former slaves and farmers. Lattimore graduated from Bennett College in Greensboro, North Carolina, with an AB in 1897. He then attended Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, receiving his MD in 1901. With a fellow classmate, H. B. Beck, as a partner, he began the general practice of medicine in Louisville, Kentucky. After considerable effort, his practice grew. In 1928 he married Naomi Anthony of Louisville; they had no children.

To provide better care for his patients Lattimore established the Lattimore Clinic in Louisville This effort marked the beginning of a professional lifetime devoted to improving medical care for the black community and presaged similar efforts for improving public health measures hospital care and educational opportunities for blacks Lattimore served in the Louisville ...


Somerville, John Alexander  

J. D. Bowers

civil rights activist, religious pioneer, dentist, and investor, was born in Kingston, Jamaica, the youngest son of Thomas Gustavius Somerville, an Anglican minister. Little is known about his mother. He was educated in the Jamaican public schools, where he learned that social status and racial attitudes often triumphed over equality, and between 1897 and 1900 he attended and graduated from Mico College in Kingston with a teaching degree.

Rather than strain against the prevailing practices, Somerville left home for the United States in December 1901 at age nineteen in the company of a childhood friend seeking both adventure and a future devoid of racial intolerance Arriving in San Francisco with some money from his father Somerville quickly settled in Los Angeles a city whose prospects he considered promising Even in Los Angeles however he felt the pangs of America s racial prejudice He was ...


Unthank, DeNorval  

Rudy Pearson

physician, community leader, and civil rights activist, was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania, the son of Albion Unthank, a cook for the railroad company, and Elizabeth (Sherman), a housewife.

Unthank earned a bachelor of arts degree at the University of Michigan and received his medical degree from Howard University. In 1929 he was recruited to Portland Oregon to serve as the one physician for the segregated African American community As with most black citizens across the country African Americans in Oregon were limited to the lowest paying jobs Employers in Portland followed a longstanding unwritten agreement by which only the railroad or hotels hired black workers On the eve of World War II an industrial survey showed that 98 percent of the employed black population worked in some capacity for the Union Pacific Railway or at the railroad terminus near downtown Portland Urban League Report Race ...