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Nicole L. Phillip-Dowe

was a free Frenchman of color, born in 1733, probably on the French colony of Martinique, before moving to the smaller island of Grenada, which was then also controlled by the French.

As a member of the free colored population of the region, La Grenade recognized that economic autonomy was the key to attaining social mobility and some measure of political power. To this end, La Grenade was able to significantly increase his economic standing by 1778. He owned a schooner La Louise, the 51-acre Guinard Plantation in the parish of St. Patrick, and a 16-acre lot in the parish of St. George; along with another free colored, Jean Baptiste St. Bernard, he purchased a 99-acre plot at Morne Jaloux in the parish of St. George. The combined cost of the land purchased amounted to 5,901 pounds, 19 shillings (Cox, 1984).

La Grenade was not ...


Cyril Daddieh

Ivorian teacher, trade unionist, war veteran, deputy, mayor, spiritual leader, senator, cabinet minister, and wealthy planter/businessman, was born on 23 January 1920 in Jacqueville, not far from Abidjan. His father had served as a customs official in Abidjan. He attended primary school in Grand Bassam and then the École Normale Supérieur William Ponty in Senegal from 1937 to 1940. He taught for two years before joining the French war effort in 1942. He was deployed in North Africa, Italy, France, and Germany and was awarded the Croix de Guerre for bravery. After his military service in the French army ended in 1946 he returned home to teach in Aboisso As an ethnic Alladian Yacé was widely recognized as the spiritual leader as well as the titular political representative of the 3A Alladian Aïzi Akouri located in the area around Abidjan between the lagoon and the sea Yet teachers ...