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Morton, James Thomas, Jr.  

Charles Rosenberg

the first psychologist of African descent to work for the Veterans Administration, was born in Greenwood, South Carolina, the son of James Thomas Morton, Sr. and Sennie Morton, both natives of South Carolina. He was about eighteen months old when the family moved to Evanston, Illinois, where his father found work as a laborer for a gas company.

Morton graduated from Evanston High School in 1930, his photo appearing in the yearbook with classmates who for the most part self-identified as “white.” His teen years had included teaching classes, as a volunteer, on what was then known as Negro History, for church groups and in community settings. Active in Ebenezer African Methodist Episcopal Church, he also had a number of sports awards.

Morton completed a bachelor’s degree in psychology at the University of Illinois in Champaign in 1934 setting aside the advice of a counselor that psychology was ...


Turner, John Patrick  

Elvatrice Parker Belsches

physician, author, hospital administrator, civic and organizational leader, and humanitarian, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina, the elder son of Jesse E. Turner, a chef, and Jennie Edwards Turner. The Turner family migrated during Turner's youth to New York City, where he continued his education in the city's public schools. Turner received his preliminary college education in the College of the City of New York and then enrolled in the Leonard Medical School of Shaw University at age seventeen (Cobb, p. 160). Shaw University, a historically black institution in Raleigh, North Carolina, was founded in 1865 by Reverend Henry Tupper under the auspices of the American Baptist Home Mission Society in an effort to educate the freedmen after the Civil War Reverend Tupper was acutely aware that in addition to educating the head heart and hands it was critical to train practitioners ...