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Miguel Gonzalez Perez

was born in Bilwaskarma, in Nicaragua’s North Atlantic Autonomous Region, on 10 November 1947. She is best known for the leading role she played in promoting the peace negotiation process that in 1986 ended a ten-year military conflict that pitted the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, or Sandinista National Liberation Front) revolutionary government against the Miskito indigenous rebels who were struggling for autonomy along the Nicaraguan Caribbean coast. She is also an international advocate for the rights of indigenous peoples.

Cunningham grew up in Waspam the capital city of the Wangki River region near the border with Honduras which is considered the motherland of the Miskito people She was born to Nester Judith Kain Nelson and Wilfred Bill Cunningham Davis both from Pearl Lagoon on the southern part of the Caribbean coast She grew up in a working class family of mixed cultural heritage of Miskito African and ...

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Michael Mitchell

was born in Tres Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the eldest of three brothers. His family moved to the state of São Paulo, where his father sought work in Brazil’s automobile industry. The male figures in his life served as role models and inspirations for pursuing his scholarly ambitions after the family resettled in São Paulo.

Silva is known for his sustained advocacy and leadership on behalf of black citizens in Brazil. He has created or participated actively in a number of organizations designed to fight racial discrimination and promote the greater presence of blacks in Brazilian society. The range of his activity is extensive, and he has been involved in several of the major watershed events in the history of blacks in Brazil since the 1990s, including his participation in the Brazilian delegation’s preparations for the United Nations Conference on Racism, held in Durban, South Africa, in 2001 his ...

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Silyane Larcher

appointed garde des Sceaux (French minister of justice) in 2012, was born on 2 February 1952 in Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana. Her mother, Bertille Judith, worked as a nurse’s aide and raised eleven children, including five she had with Georges Taubira, Christiane’s father, a grocer in Cayenne.

Taubira completed most of her higher education in economics at Université Paris II (Panthéon-Assas). She also earned degrees in sociology from Université Paris-Sorbonne, in Afro-American Ethnology from Université Paris VII (Denis Diderot), as well as a master’s degree from the Centre Français de la Coopération Agricole (Paris and Bordeaux). After completing her studies, she taught economics at Cayenne’s Félix Éboué high school, after which she headed various public agencies focusing on social affairs and occupational training, agriculture, fishing, and trade in French Guiana.

Firmly on the left politically Taubira like many Antillean and Guyanese students of her generation who were ...

Article

Elwood Dunn

warlord, twenty-second president of Liberia, and first Liberian (and African) leader indicted by an international criminal tribunal, was born Charles McArthur Taylor in the Montserrado County settlement of Arthington on 28 January 1948. He was of mixed New World immigrant and Gola-Liberian parentage. Beyond primary education in his hometown, he was educated at Ricks Institute, the Kakata Rural Teachers’ Training Institute, where he completed high school in 1965. After study at the University of Liberia (1969–1971), he attended Bentley College, Waltham, Massachusetts, where he received a BA degree in 1970.

Taylor began career as a public school instructor in 1967, teaching variously at C. H. Dewey High School, Bomi County; Junior High School, Arthington; and Newport Junior High School, Monrovia. He also worked as internal auditor at the Treasury Department (Finance Ministry) from 1969 to 1971 While living in the United States Taylor served as ...