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Charwe  

Ruramisai Charumbira

spirit medium of Nehanda and political leader against British colonialism in southern Rhodesia, was born around 1862 in the Mazowe valley of today’s Mashonaland Central Province, Zimbabwe, about 25 miles (40 kilometers) north of Harare. Charwe wokwa Hwata was a child of the Hwata dynasty (dzinza/rudzi) one of many such dynasties that formed in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as older Shona kingdoms dissolved and smaller confederacies and dynasties emerged. Charwe belonged to the Hwata through blood ties to ruling men, and her people had migrated and settled in the Mazowe valley beginning in the late 1700s.

Charwe became the medium of Nehanda in the Mazowe District around 1881. The district already had a history of Nehandas buried at Shaverunzi and a village known as Nehanda Village (kwa Nehanda Charwe therefore is more popularly known by the nonhereditary politico religious title of ...

Article

Suryakanthie Chetty

prominent South African antiapartheid activist and wife of African National Congress (ANC) leader Walter Sisulu, rose to prominence on her own accord and was given the appellation MaSisulu, a mother of the nation.

She was born in rural Transkei in the Eastern Cape on 21 October 1918, the second of five children. She was the first in her family to attend school, beginning at a primary school in Tsomo district, followed by secondary school, and then Maria Zell, a Roman Catholic college. Her level of education set her apart from other young people in the impoverished area. Her older brother, for instance, was limited to herding livestock.

Her initial desire to be nun as a result of her early exposure to Roman Catholic doctrine at Maria Zell made way to a growing desire to be a teacher Her early ambitions however were dealt a severe blow by the ...