1-5 of 5 results  for:

  • Political Figure x
Clear all


Gregson Davis

was born at Basse-Pointe, Martinique, on 26 June 1913, the second child of Marie Félicité Éléonore, a professional seamstress, and Fernand Césaire, then the manager of a sugar estate. After attending the Lycée Schoelcher in Fort-de-France, the capital of Martinique, from 1924 to 1931, Césaire won a scholarship to continue his studies in Paris at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, where he successfully prepared for, and obtained, admission to the highly prestigious École Normale Supérieure in 1935.

During his course of study in the metropolis, he came into contact with several fellow students of African descent—foremost among them the Senegalese Léopold Senghor, who later went on to lead his country to independence from France. Césaire also became a cofounder, along with Senghor and the French Guyanese poet Léon Damas, of the student journal L’Etudiant noir Black Student which provided an important ideological outlet for the growing anticolonial sentiment ...


Richard Watts

Franck Etienne, who adopted the creolized spelling Franketienne in 1972, has written strikingly original works in both Creole and French, becoming a key figure in contemporary Haitian literature.

Born to a black mother and a white father, Franketienne grew up in one of the poorer neighborhoods of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. In a society organized into levels by race, he had the light skin color of the mulatto elite but lacked the money and the family connections that would have let him enter their world. At school, he was called blanc manant (white peasant), an insulting nickname he later embraced.

Franketienne's work reflects his in-between status in Haitian society. He writes about the black middle class in the novel Mur à crever (1968) but also represents rural life in Haiti, as in Dézafi (1975 one of the first novels written in Creole Franketienne s poetry also ...


Hassoum Ceesay

Gambian politician, women's rights activist, playwright, and nurse, was born in May 1924 in Banjul, Gambia, to Sir John Mahoney, the first Speaker of the Gambian Legislature, and Lady Hannah Mahoney, a typist. She attended St Joseph's Convent and the Methodist Girls’ High School in Banjul, where she sat her Cambridge School Leaving Certificate Examination in 1942.

From 1942 to 1946 she worked as a nurse assistant at the Royal Victoria Hospital (RVH) in Banjul, before traveling to England in 1946 to study medicine at the Royal Infirmary, Bristol, where she obtained her State Registered Nurse (SRN) certificate in 1953. On returning to Gambia, she was posted as a nursing sister to Basse, 400 kilometers from Bathurst, where she met and married Dawda Kairaba Jawara. Their marriage at Basse in February 1955 was described in the Bathurst press as a unique occasion which ...


Justin J. Corfield

An Afro-Brazilian scholar and writer, Abdias do Nascimento was born on 14 March 1914 in Franca, in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. His grandparents were slaves from Africa. After slavery was abolished in Brazil in 1888, his father worked as a cobbler and musician and his mother made sweets and candy for sale to local children. Abdias Nascimento left school at the age of sixteen and joined the military, but only remained with them for a few years, gaining a discharge on account of disorderly behavior. He then decided to complete his education and in 1938 he completed his Bachelor of Arts degree from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and began a career in the arts.

During his time in Rio de Janeiro Nascimento became involved in a group of poets called Santa Irmandad Orquidea Holy Brotherhood of the Orchid and with them he toured parts of Latin ...


Aaron Myers

Abdias do Nascimento grew up in Franca, São Paulo, Brazil, where his father was a shoemaker and his mother worked as a sweetmaker, cook, and seamstress. Very early he distinguished himself as an excellent student, and by the age of thirteen he was teaching primary school and working as an accountant for local farmers. Nascimento served in the army from 1930 to 1936, during the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas. At this time Nascimento began his career as a black activist by joining the Frente Negra Brasileira (United Black Front). In 1937, when Vargas established the Estado Novo dictatorship, the Frente Negra was shut down, along with all other political organizations.

Nascimento's first major Afro-Brazilian project was the theater group Teatro Experimental do Negro (TEN), which he founded in 1944 For the next twenty four years he worked as its director and as a playwright Nascimento created ...